A Tragedy of Manners | Angela Nagle

A Tragedy of Manners; Angela Nagle; In The Baffler; WHEN?
Teaser: Trump and the new age of anti-PC transgression

tl;dr → Manners are a contested space by which actions valorize the hegemonic power valences of the universalist tropes; they are a tussle among the grand ideologues. The author problematizes the domain and limns the transgressive dialogue towards a synthesis which ultimately resulting in the thesis of the conceptual conundrum while at the same time  preserving the original order, thus standing in opposition to itself with both metaphoric as well as rhetorical stances. The lede is buried. To wit:

<quote>The problem in our current, unacknowledged controversy over manners is that while both sides seem to implicitly accept [value] premise, they have directly opposing views of what our system of manners should be doing and what values it should be normalizing.</quote>


Angela Nagle; Kill All Normies: Online Culture Wars From 4Chan And Tumblr To Trump And The Alt-Right; Zero Books; 2017-06-30; 136 pages; Amazon:1785355430: Kindle: $10, paper: $16+SHT; previously filled.


  • seismic shock, means “big”
  • Donald Trump
  • cultural anxiety, means racism, coded racism, encoded racism, latent racism.
  • ping-pong style search
  • British Burkean conservative Peter Hitchens
  • in Buckleyite fashion
  • Hegel, Elements of the Philosophy of Right, 1820.
  • Sittlichkeit
    • a German word (they have words for everythig)
    • an epithet a term of art
    • definition: the ethical life
  • progressives, the good people.
  • the outmoded, prissy-sounding language of manners
  • pride of place
  • the debased rhetoric plotting out
  • metaphorical usage.
  • <quote>the battle over “political correctness”</quote>, a metaporical usage
  • <quote>ongoing war over speech on college campuses</quote>, a metaporical usage
  • <quote>understood through the lens of</quote>, a metaporical usage
  • liberal free speech rights
  • strategic considerations
  • the free speech wars
  • rights under attack from the state
  • <quote>The same basic paradox assails all spheres of political and cultural confrontation</quote>,
    in which “a paradox” does “assail”
  • [They] abjure
    [They] instinctively abjure reckoning
  • The Decivilizing Process
  • gleefully presided over
  • a mass rejection, the mass rejection
  • a liberal sense of
  • political correctness
  • a renegotiation of propriety
  • a pluralist multi-ethnic modern society
  • accommodating
  • admiration
  • transgression
  • straight-talking style.
  • taboo-breaking
  • an unlicensed brand of
  • right-wing cultural subversion, right-wing cultural subversion
  • repressed snobs
  • pearl-clutchers
  • stereotyped view
  • elitist cultural authoritarians—the storm troopers of the liberal language police.
  • renegotiating
  • the very profound question of
  • magnum opus
  • uncomfortable
  • hardy coterie of academic defenders
  • interconnected collective socialization
  • transition into modernity
  • basic lessons
  • collectively negotiated network of self-constraints
  • socialized people into repudiating
  • the governance of public life
  • self-restraint
  • bodily functions
  • the repression of sexual and violent impulses
  • the very fabric of civilization
  • the liberationist ethos of
  • the sixties New Left
  • <quote>the movement spelled a</quote>, a metaphorical usage
  • <quote>a total breakdown of manners and self-restraint in a “permissive society”<quote>, is a hyperbolic usage
  • that critique gained force
    criticism has force, a metaphorical usage, to be sure.
  • wider declensionist narratives
  • neoconservative historian
  • Gertrude Himmelfarb
  • Victorian England
  • to contend that
  • the post-sixties West would be unable to withstand
  • the chaotic force of modernity
  • Western civilization
  • <quote>on the brink of nothing less than total “demoralization,”</quote>, a hyperbolic usage
  • polemicists, Neocon polemicists
  • few dour and cultured leftists, the few
  • Lewis Lapham
  • Gibbon’s Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
  • the youthful adherents
  • Trumpian, the Trumpian right
  • an allied preoccupation
  • civilizational, civilizational collapse
  • the permissive society
  • quasi-Trumpian supporters
  • the anti-PC resistance
  • Camille Paglia
    • is neo-Freudian
    • Sexual Personae
      , a tome
    • is formidable
      she herself, for her own account
  • most ambivalent and qualified arguments
  • the left-leaning [arguments]
  • celebration of decadent culture
  • exponents, [civilization's] key exponents
  • Oscar Wilde
  • <quote>rescued aesthetic insights in the face of<quote>, a mixed metaphorical usage.
  • largely self-administered cultural collapse
  • a related critical register
  • degeneration theory (Degeneration Theory)
  • Max Nordau
  • Oswald Spengler
  • <quote>shape the tone and content of<quote>, a mixed metaphorical usage.
  • a whole new wave of
  • right-wing alternative media.
  • Part and parcel of
  • declensionist revival (on the right)
  • progress, the idea of progress, the very idea of progress.
  • urgency of [Trump’s] appeal
  • mounting conviction
  • the West
  • rapidly degenerating
  • the rubric of, under the rubric of
  • as administered and championed by
  • cultural liberals
  • Circa 2015
  • 4chan’s /pol/ ‘board
  • a meme, the phrase; the widely-shared meme.
  • the meme, the phrase: “Come on it’s (the current year)”
  • naïve progressives
  • John Oliver
  • questioned, [X] questioned, to question
  • the arbitrary insistence
  • <quote>moving forward in time<quote>, a metaphorical usage
  • superior values.
  • More recently [than circa 2015], which would be the twenty months of 2016 & 2017.
  • the meme, the phrase pair:
    • “$DATE1: $statement1” contra “$DATE2: $statement2”
      where $DATE1 + 30 < $DATE2 && value($statement1) > value($statement2)
    • e.g. “1970: ‘I can’t wait for flying cars/space colonies/a cure for cancer’” contra 2017, an image of a man who identifies as a dog or an adult baby.
  • contemporary identity politics, a representation of contemporary identity politics
  • the political message, the political message is clear
  • claim of dichotomy:
    • either progress itself is a myth
    • all of
      • [we have] stopped progressing
      • [we have] started regressing as a civilization
      • [we are] now intractably sinking into a decivilizing process.
  • Question: You Call That Art?
    Answer: what else could it be? The null hypothesis?
  • An audience
    • looser,
    • right-leaning,
    • online,
  • a meme, the critique-of-progress
    • e.g.Cathedral Gothic Art contra Contemporary Art
    • sarcastically caption: e.g. “progress” or “art then . . . art now.”
  • absurdist
  • <quote>knitting with wool from her vagina</quote>, activities attributed to Casey Jenkins
    which begs the question of how wool got in her vagina; would that be a used tampon?. Juvenile, if true.
  • vastly overrated modern art
  • long been a preoccupation
  • almost a cliché
  • the declension narratives
  • the declension narratives of the right (the third? usage).
  • Francis Schaeffer, How Should We Then Live?, 1976
    honorific: <quote>one of the founding texts of the American religious right<quote>
  • a polemic work, a polemic work of art history.
  • the right-leaning suspicion
  • contemporary art
  • the faux-populist refrain, some variant of the faux-populist refrain
  • “my three-year-old could do that”, an epithet.
  • Roger Scruton, an erudite conservative critic
  • “cult of ugliness”, attributed to Roger Scruton.
  • The young subcultural online right
  • <quote>mourns the death of the ideal of beauty as an extension of its critique of progress</quote>, a mixed metaphorical usage.
  • the hordes of online left-baiters
  • judgments of personal beauty, of women.
  • before-and-after cultural documentation; the transition, the purported transition
    • nice, well-adjusted-looking young women
    • and (or)
      • feminism
      • the ravages of studying the social sciences.
  • exemplar, a hated exemplar: Lena Dunham
  • modern cult of ugliness
  • <quote>channeling the latter avant-garde aesthetic sensibilities of shock and transgression.<quote>ongoing an action attributed to of the [members of the] modern cult of ugliness.
  • confrontationally corpulent nudity, an ongoing action attributed to Lena Dunham.
  • outsider art, contra insider art
  • <quote>[The Nazis] waged war on “degenerate art”<quote>, a metaphorical usage; to wit, National Socialist German Workers’ Party waged actual war as well, such war being one the second most famous policy-based activity for which they are known..
  • Weimar avant-garde, the vibrant Weimar avant-garde
    • a crusade
    • years of reactionary writing
    • modern art beiing
      • ugly
      • Jewish
      • destructive to European traditions
  • …affecting a transition from art to Nazi policy to Donald Trump’s stylistic fluorishes, we see what you did there.
  • Trump’s own famous style
  • fanatically mimicked
  • right-wing culture-jammers
  • a certain avant-gardish notoriety
  • <quote>images so stomach-churning and morally repugnant they “can’t be unseen.”<quote>, an epithet, a passive characterization.
  • The new youthful rightist movements
  • the modern aesthetics of shock and transgression
  • the alternation:
    • horrified critics
    • prolific producers
  • <quote>Trumpians [as a self-conscious class] their leader’s id-driven defiance of the harsh constraints imposed by strict liberal etiquette and sexual mores</quote>
  • [the] coarse “pussy grabbing” comments
  • <quote>the general conditions of cultural decline ushered in by the liberalism of the sixties<quote>
  • Trumpians are not rightist trolls; c.f. <quote>To them and to the rightist trolls</quote>
  • Wherein the shock of throwing X is a pushback against Y
  • <quote>the shock of throwing off liberal etiquette is a pushback against the civilizational decline brought on by those Baby Boomers who threw off their own set of constraints.</quote>
  • Baby Boomers
  • the culture of trolling
  • the culture of style-defining spaces
  • 4chan is
    • a culture of trolling
    • a culture of style-defining spaces
  • [such culture] [is only] a franchise of the far right
  • the fetishization of trolling as
    • “counter-hegemonic”
    • taboo-breaking
  • leftish writers; a characterization, an honorific, an epithet.
  • the sixties view
    • is that systems of personal constraints were the cause of society’s ills rather than the cure.
    • is anti-Freudian.
    • is descended from Rousseau.
  • confused, backswitching narratives of cultural decline
  • <quote>the legacy of Elias sheds an invaluable light</quote>, a mixed metaphorical usage.
  • a body of work about the “decivilizing process”
  • something different than
    • the declension narratives of the right
    • the declension narratives of the left
  • something similar to
    • a communitarian sense of society.
  • the definition [f decline]
    • shorter chains of social interdependence
    • a decrease in
      • in taming of aggressiveness
      • mutual identification
      • the gap between child and adult standards
    • a reliance on external constraints to curb
      • violent impulses
      • unruly impulses
    • an increase in
      • the free expression of aggressiveness
  • Cas Wouters
  • the post-sixties management of manners
  • a less morally constrained time
  • <quote>“a highly controlled decontrolling of emotional controls”<quote>, attributed to Cas Wouters [clearly he too, had no editorial supervision].
  • The Shock Doctrine
    as used here used conflates the argument of Naomi Klein with the critical theoretical implications of public and individual reactions to works of ironic performative criticism as “art.”
  • the memes, the memes of the right
    <quote>the irony-drenched “come on, it’s the current year!” memes of the right</quote>
  • the call to action
    the calls to reject modernity,
    <quote>the merely retrograde calls to reject modernity</quote>
  • Robert Hughes diagnosed
    • an active action
    • claimed: art culture lost 1890→1980
      • Ebullience
      • Idealism
      • Confidence
  • The Shock Doctrine is, and was
    • <quote>the trademark culture-seizing ebullience of modern Western art<quote>
    • the “shock of the new”
    • once heralded the future
  • <quote>[the shock doctrine] was <snip/>a central battleground<quote>, a mixed metaphorical usage.
  • thrashing out the meaning of progress
  • Robert Hughes mourned, an action on his part.
  • the modes, the modes of expression,
    <quote>the nasty, negative, and nihilistic modes of expression that today also paradoxically repulses and characterizes the aesthetic sensibilities of the youthful online right, depending on subtler distinctions of whose rules it is transgressing.</quote>
  • Establishment conservatism, as a self-conscious class.
  • the Trumpians, the Trumpians preside
  • a ghost-dance revival of the very recent past
  • “Make America Great Again”
    • a mission
    • a call to action
  • the legions of the alt-right
  • an imminent nightmarish future
  • <quote>a civilization already dropped off the cliff</quote>, a metaphorical usage.
  • “America is already great!”
    • The centrist insistence
    • The stupendously ineffectual rejoinder to Trump trademarked by the Clinton campaign
    • has an alternative
      • is anemic
      • is uninspiring
      • [is] <quote>a strange kind of end-of-history politics that holds GDP and the gradual liberalization of cultural attitudes as the incontrovertible measure of secular millennialism.</quote>
  • secular millennialism, as measured
    <quote>the incontrovertible measure of secular millennialism</quote>
  • generational living standards
  • the technological affluent future
  • claimed: alt-right memes will have [continued] appeal under the conditions specified.
  • …the rhetorical transition, abruptly, back to the subject of manners. We see what you did there.
  • something about manners
  • an extremely fraught renegotiation
  • …the  rhetorical transition, something about McDonald’s corporation and progress and Nazi Germany and Elias’ thought:
    • The corporate slogan
      of McDonalds, the golden arches of McDonalds
      “A modern and progressive burger company.”
    • Norbert Elias
      • a German
      • a Jew
      • fled Nazi Germany
      • mother died in Auschwitz
  • civilization
  • equals restraint
  • a delicate balance
  • atrophies
  • all is lost
  • <quote>We’re now in the midst of an extremely fraught renegotiation of the values expressed in our system of manners.</quote>
  • the controversy [teach the controversy],
    <quote>our current unacknowledged controversy over manners</quote>


  • Peter Hitchens, a British Burkean conservative.
  • James Burke, a theorist.
  • William Buckley, a theorist.
  • Lena Dunham, a performer; was born, lived in New York, her family members work as artists, work in the arts.
  • Norbert Elias, a scrivener; performed landmark research.
  • Sigmund Freud, a theorist.
  • Gertrude Himmelfarb, historicist, a neoconservative
  • Robert Hughes, a theorist, upon the domain of art
  • Casey Jenkins, a performer; (ahem, is female); has a vagina
  • Lewis Lapham, a leftist, by trade; is dour, is cultured.
  • William Gibbon, a scrivener
  • Max Nordau, a theorist; branded: Degeneration Theory.
  • John Oliver, a performer, of satire; is naive, is progressive (good).
  • Camille Paglia, a theorist; is formidable, she, herself.
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau, a theorist.
  • Francis Schaeffer, a theorist.
  • Roger Scruton, a theorist; is conservative, is erudite.
  • Oswald Spengler, a theorist; branded: Degeneration Theory.
  • Donald J. Trump, boffo, a data subject, the data subject.
  • Slavoj Žižek, a philosoph, a Marxist.
  • Oscar Wilde, a practitioner; is an exponent.
  • Cas Wouters, a theorist; following the theory of Norbert Elias.


  • Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Elements of the Philosophy of Right, 1820.
  • Norbert Elias, The Civilizing Process, 1939.
  • Edward Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, 1776.
  • Naomi Klein, The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism, 2007.
  • Camile Paglia, Sexual Personae, 1990.
    honorific: a tome.
  • Francis Schaeffer, How Should We Then Live?, 1976.
    honorific: <quote>one of the founding texts of the American religious right<quote>


The suitcase words
  • Avant-garde, The Avant-garde
  • Baby Boomers
  • Burkean
  • Buckleyite
  • Declenscionist Narrative
  • Decivilizing Process, The
  • Descent Theory
  • Freudian, neo-Freudian
  • Left
    • New Left
    • The Left
  • Right
    • Alt-Right
    • The Right
  • Sixties, The Sixties
  • Shock Doctrine, The
  • Trumpian
  • West, The West

Previously filled.

Onboarding the Always-On Generation | WSJ

Onboarding the Always-On Generation; Gary Beach; In The Wall Street Journal (WSJ); 2016-01-20.

Gary J. Beach

tl;dr → some factoids, a book promo.

Original Sources


  • Generation Z
  • always on generation
  • multi-generational workforce
  • Definition: Generation Z
    <quote>four years after the Web was invented<quote>

    • (maybe?) 1998 = 1994+4,
    • (alternate?) 2001 = 1997+4.
  • The Great Recesssion
    circa 2008-2016.



For color, background & verisimilitude

  • Bob DiGuardia, Suffolk University in Boston MA.
    • Director of Enterprise Applications
    • Adjunct Professor of Management
  • Anna Matthai, Research Manager, CompTIA.
  • Anthony Denhart, university relations manager for General Electric
  • Dan Schawbel, founder. Millennial Branding; Promote Yourself: New Rules for Career Success (St. Martin’s Griffin, 2014-09-02, 304 pages, kindle: $10, paper: $5+SHT).


Get Ready for Generation Z; Enactus, Robert Half International; 2015-07; 24 pages.

  • Joe Kristy (IBM); The Changing Workforce: Urgent Challenges and Strategies, Human Capital Management Practice, IBM; 2007.
  • Bruce Tulgan, founder, RainmakerThinking.

When Are You Really An Adult? | The Atlantic

When Are You Really An Adult?; Julie Beck; In The Atlantic; 2016-01-05.
Teaser: In an age when the line between childhood and adulthood is blurrier than ever, what is it that makes people grown up?

tl;dr → 7000 words; it depends; ultimately <concept>when one is secure with ones self</concept>


Recent book releases


  • What is it about 20-Somethings; Robin Marantz Henig; In The York Times (NYT), Magazine, 2010-08-18.
    Teaser: Why are so many people in their 20s taking so long to grow up?
    tl;dr → 8000 words, basically the same as this article, except done by someone else, and appearing in the NYT and executed five years ago.


  • Failure to Launch
  • Steven Mintz
  • Kelly Williams Brown
    • age 31
    • bloggist
  • Generational Model
    • Millennial
    • Generation X
    • Baby Boomer
  • Social Constructions
    • Chlidhood
    • Adulthood
  • Noel Cameron
    • professor, human biology, Loughborough University, U.K.
    • quoted
  • Laurence Steinberg
  • James Griffin
    • deputy chief, Child Development and Behavior Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
    • is quoted on emotions
      <quote>the four Fs—fight, flight, feeding, and fuckfooling around.</quote>
  • Jeffrey Jensen Arnett
    • research professor, psychology, Clark University
    • Emerging Adulthood
      a new category, proposed & defended by him (see the book)
    • The Big Three, a framework
      1. taking responsibility for yourself
      2. making independent decisions
      3. becoming financially independent
  • James Côté
    • sociology
    • “The Dangerous Myth of Emerging Adulthood: An Evidence-Based Critique of a Flawed Developmental Theory”; In Applied Developmental Science; Volume 18, Issue 4; 2015; paywalled.
  • <quote>Of the Big Three, two are internal, subjective markers. You can measure financial independence, but are you otherwise independent and responsible? That’s something you have to decide for yourself. </quote>
  • Erik Erikson
    • psychologist, development
  • Anthony Burrow
    • assistant professor, human development, Cornell University
    • Rachel Sumner, Anthony L. Burrow, Patrick L. Hill; “Identity and Purpose as Predictors of Subjective Well-Being in Emerging Adulthood; In Emerging Adulthood; 2014-04-30, updated 2015-01-08; paywall.
  • <quote>In other words, the flailing isn’t fun, but it matters.</quote>
    • Four-box model (not shown)
    • Something about Taylor Swift, lyrics from “22.”
      <quote>We’re happy, free, confused, and lonely at the same time.</quote>
  • Robert Havighurst
    • education researcher
    • era “the 20th-century”
    • A Life Stage model, with tasks
      • Finding a mate
      • Learning to live with a partner
      • Starting a family
      • Raising children
      • Beginning an occupation
      • Running a home.
  • The “Leave it to Beaveradulthood”, branding due to the reporter, Julia Beck.
    • <quote?These are the things Millennials are all-too-often criticized for not doing and not valuing.</quote>
    • Something about how this was a brief golden age that came and went.
      • Wasn’t thus before.
      • Isn’t thus now.
      • It’s a fiction of the Baby Boomers.
  • <quote>When people who are in their 50s, 60s, 70s now look at today’s emerging adults, they compare them to the yardstick that applied when they were in their 20s, and find them wanting. But to me that’s, ironically, kind of narcissistic, frankly, because that’s one of the criticisms that’s been made of emerging adults, that they’re narcissistic, but to me it’s just the egocentricity of their elders.</quote>, attributed to Jeffrey Jensen Arnett.
  • Rachel Sumner
    • graduate student, Anthony Burrow
    • Rachel Sumner, Anthony L. Burrow, Patrick L. Hill; “Identity and Purpose as Predictors of Subjective Well-Being in Emerging Adulthood; In Emerging Adulthood; 2014-04-30, updated 2015-01-08; paywall.
  • Denoument, Counterpoint & Onward
    • Many ways to become an adult
      but then the category means nothing; this rebuttal is rebutted.
    • Adulthood is
      • independence, but loneliness,
      • Responsibility causes stress.
    • Chroniclers & fictionalists
      • Saul Bellow
      • Mary McCarthy
      • Philip Roth
      • John Updike
    • Avatars & Actrons
      • old Hollywood visions of adulthood
      • Cary Grant
      • Katherine Hepburn
    • <quote>We live in a youth culture that believes life goes downhill after 26 or so. When I argue that we need to reclaim adulthood, I don’t mean a 1950s version of early marriage and early entry into a career, What I do mean is it’s better to be knowing than unknowing. It’s better to be experienced than inexperienced. It’s better to be sophisticated than callow.</quote> attributed to Steven Mintz,
    • <quote>[Adulthood is] taking care of people, taking care of things, and taking care of yourself.</quote>, attributed to Kelly Williams Brown.


largely by discursion & negation, the “post-modern” explanation.

  • not physical maturation, that varies by age
  • not by education, which is demarked by age anyway.
  • not by cultural (religious) rites, in theory only.
  • many paths
  • Milestones & Experiences


  • Henry David Thoreau
    • Harvard (undergrad)
    • odd jobs
    • A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers
      • age 31
  • Maria Eleusiniotis
    • testifies
  • Stephen Grapes
    • testifies
  • Anonymous
    • testifies
    • roles
      • OB/GYN
      • mom
  • Anonymous
    • testifies
    • role
      • then-intern
      • (now?) doctor
    • <concept>You become an adult when you are in charge, responsible, accountable.</quote>
    • <quote>The question of when a tree becomes a tree and no longer a sapling is obviously impossible to determine. Same with any slow and gradual process. All I can say is that the adult potential was there, ready to grow up and be responsible and accountable. I think personal industry, devotion to something bigger than oneself, part of a historical process, and peers who grow with you all play roles.Without focus, work, hardship, or a pathway with other humans, I can imagine someone still believing they are a child at 35-45: I meet them sometimes! And it is horrific.</quote>
  • Deb Bissen
    • testifies
    • a new mom
  • Anonymous
    • age 53
    • testifies
    • manages
      • her parent’s transition ot managed care via “micro betrayals” (white lies)
      • the parent’s subsequent death, 2013.
  • Anonymous
    • testifies
    • 1st-generation immigrant
    • milestones
      • age 27
      • married
      • living alone (with spouse?)
      • employed, as a manager, stable.
    • adulthood came too quickly
  • Anonymous
    • testifies
    • quibbles with the term ‘adult’ as being synonymous with “reserved” or “passionless.”
  • Anonymous
    • testifies
    • milestones
      • age 56
      • married
      • masters degree
      • stable job, apparently a teacher (has students).
      • has traveled
      • no children
    • charged with “You never really grew up, did you?”
    • rebuts
      • have experienced death
      • have made end-of-life decisions (of a pet)
      • takes care of elderly parents
      • care about retirement
      • grey hair
      • knees hurt



  • Some Statistic, Bureau of the Census, United States
    evidence towards marriage age
  • Some Statistic, Bureau of the Census, United States.
    evidence towrds marriage age occurring later in life
  • The Case for Delayed Adulthood; Laurence Steinberg; In The New York Times (NYT); 2014-09-21.
    tl;dr → a book promotion
    Laurence Steinberg

  • Some Statistic, Department of Labor, United States.
    evidence for the statement: <quote>kids can hold a job as young as 14, depending on state restrictions</quote>
  • Some Statistic, Department of Labor, United States.
    evidence for the statement: <quote>[children can] deliver newspapers, babysit, or work for their parents even younger than that</quote>.
  • Some Statistic, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), United States.
    evidence for the statement: <quote>9 and 14 for boys, and still be considered “normal.”</quote>
  • Some Statistic, Department of Education?, United States; WHEN?
    evidence for the statement: <quote>by 1918, every state had compulsory [school] attendance laws.</quote>
  • Leo B. Hendry, Marion Kloep; “How universal is emerging adulthood? An empirical example”; In Journal of Youth Studies, Volume 13, Issue 2, 2010; paywalled.
  • James Côté; “The Dangerous Myth of Emerging Adulthood: An Evidence-Based Critique of a Flawed Developmental Theory”; In Applied Developmental Science; Volume 18, Issue 4; 2015; paywalled.
  • Rachel Sumner, Anthony L. Burrow, Patrick L. Hill; “Identity and Purpose as Predictors of Subjective Well-Being in Emerging Adulthood; In Emerging Adulthood; 2014-04-30, updated 2015-01-08; paywall.
  • Koen Luyckx, Luc Goossens, Bart Soenens, Wim Beyers; “Unpacking commitment and exploration: Preliminary validation of an integrative model of late adolescent identity formation”; In Journal of Adolescence; Volume 29, Issue 3; 2006-06; pages 361–378; paywall.
    tl;dr → something about forming an identity
  • Koen Luycks, Seth J. Schwartz, Luc Goossens, Sophie Pollock; “Employment, Sense of Coherence, and Identity Formation: Contextual and Psychological Processes on the Pathway to Sense of Adulthood”; In Journal of Adolescent Research; Vol. 23, No. 5; 2008-09; pages 566-591; paywall.
    tl;dr → something about how people who’ve committed to an identity are more likely to see themselves as adults.

Via: backfill.

The Changing Digital Landscape: Where Things are Heading | Pew Research Center

The Changing Digital Landscape: Where Things are Heading; (Pew Research Center); Presented at Tencent Media Summit, Beijing, China; 2015-11-12; 36 slides.


  • Three (3) digital revolutions have changed the news
  • State of the digital news media 2015
  • Six (6) impacts on news and the media
  • Five (5) trends for the future


Three (3) digital revolutions have changed the news

  1. Internet
  2. Mobile Connectivity
  3. Social Networking / Social Media

State of the digital news media 2015

  • ABC & CBS improved in 2014
  • NBC declined in 2014
  • Mobile crossover occurred
  • Digital Advertising grows
  • Mobile (Digital) Advertising grows
  • Digital News uses display (banner) advertisements
  • Video Advertising grows
  • 61% of revenue, industry-level to five
    1. Google
    2. Facebook
    3. Microsoft
    4. Yahoo
    5. AOL
  • Facebook leads mobile revenue

Six (6) impacts on news and the media

  1. Mobile majority, factoids recited
  2. Mobile and Social Go Together, trendoids are recited
  3. Facebook Now Rivals Legacy News Sources (TV, national & local)
  4. There are Clear Generational Divides
    • Millennials (age 18-34) → Facebook over Local TV
    • Generation X → not shown
    • Baby Boomers (age 51-68) → Local TV over Facebook
  5. Digital Video and Radio News on the Rise.
  6. Consumers are a Part of the Process
    • User-Generated Content (UGC)
    • The Internet is defined as
      • one-to-one
      • many-to-many
      • [not one-to-many; broadcasts, portals, "the" home page]

Five (5) trends for the future

The Internet of Things (IoT) of 2025 is the 4th Revolution

  1. Screens and data will be almost everywhere
    • Lots of screens → All Ads, All The Time & on Every Available Surface
    • All Audiences are Measured
  2. Augmented reality will bring media nd data into real life
    • location awareness
    • Selling Opportunites, Always Be Selling.
    • Privacy will be gone
  3. Virtual reality will become immersive and compelling
    • Product Placement → All Ads, All The Time & on Every Available Surface
    • Personalized
    • Distractions
  4. Alerts will become pervasive and people will regulate their media streams more aggressively
    • Stress → Fear Of Missing Out (FOMO)
    • Expect aggressive management of alerts (mod way down; high bar to disturb the consumer)
  5. Smart agents and machines enabled by “artificial intelligence” will work alongside people as their assistants and “media concierges”
    • the robots will be self-aware
    • they will be actually useful & actionable, not an IT headache

Via: backfill.

Learning and Generations | Southfield Center for Development

Learning and Generations; Southfield Center for Development; by ViceSports; on Scribd; 11 pages; landing.



Archaeological order, derivatives on top; original reporting below


Southfield Center for Development; Learning and Generations

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