The Three Laws of Robotics in the Age of Big Data | Balkin

Jack M. Balkin  (Yale); The Three Laws of Robotics in the Age of Big Data; Ohio State Law Journal, Vol. 78, (2017), Forthcoming (real soon now, RSN), Yale Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 592; 2016-12-29 → 2017-09-10; 45 pages; ssrn:2890965.

tl;dr → administrative laws [should be] directed at human beings and human organizations, not at [machines].

Laws

  1. machine operators are responsible
    [for the operations of their machines, always & everywhere]
  2. businesses are responsible
    [for the operation of their machines, always & everywhere]
  3. machines must not pollute
    [in a sense to be defined later: e.g. by a "tussle"]

None of this requires new legal theory; c.f. licensing for planes, trains & automobiles; and on to nuclear plants, steel unto any intellectual business operation of any kind (ahem, medical, architecture, legal services; and anything at all under the Commerce Clause, no?)

Mentions

  • Isaac Asimov, the stories of
    …and the whole point of the stories was the problematic nature of The Three Laws, They seemed fun and clear but they were problematized and the don’t work as a supervisory apparatus. Maybe they don’t work at all. Is the same true here? Not shown.
  • Laws of Robotics,
    Three Laws of Robotics.
  • [redefined] the “laws of robotics” are the legal and policy principles that govern [non-persons, unnatural-persons].

Concepts Principles (HF/SE/IF/AN)

  1. homunculus, a fallacy
  2. substitution, an effect
  3. information fiduciaries, a role
  4. algorithmic nuisance, an ideal (an anti-pattern

Analysis

A matrix, the he cross product, of twelve (12) combinations:

Requirement of (TAdP)
  1. Transparency
  2. Accountability
  3. due Process
Principles of (HF/SE/IF/AN)
  • [the] homunculus fallacy
  • [a] substitution effect
  • information fiduciaries
  • algorithmic nuisance

 Argot

The Suitcase Words
  • Isaac Asimov.
  • three law of robotics.
  • programmed,
    programmed into every robot.
  • govern.
  • robots.
  • algorithms.
  • artificial intelligence agents..
  • legal principles,
    basic legal principles.
  • the homunculus fallacy.
  • he substitution effect.
  • information fiduciaries.
  • algorithmic nuisance.
  • homunculus fallacy.
  • attribution.
  • human intention.
  • human agency.
  • robots.
  • belief,
    false belief.
  • person
    little person.
  • robot.
  • program.
  • intentions,
    good intentions.
  • substitution effect.
  • social power.
  • social relations.
  • robots.
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI).
  • AI agents.
  • algorithms.
  • substitute,
    algorithmssubstitute for human beings.
  • operate,
    algorithms operate as special-purpose people..
  • mediated
    ,mediated through new technologies.
  • three laws of robotics
    Three Laws of Robotics.
  • Algorithmic Society.
  • robots.
  • artificial intelligence agents.
  • algorithms.
  • governments.
  • businesses.
  • staffed.
  • Algorithmic Society.
  • asymmetries,
    asymmetries of information,
    asymmetries of monitoring capacity,
    asymmetries computational power.
  • Algorithmic Society:.
  • operators,
    operators of robots,
    operators of algorithms
    operators of artificial intelligence agents.
  • information fiduciaries.
  • special duties,
    special duties of good faith,
    special duties fair dealing.
  • end-users, clients and customersdata subjects.
  • businesses,
    privately owned businesses.
  • the public,
    the general public..
  • duty,
    central public duty.
  • algorithmic nuisances.
  • leverage utilize use.
  • asymmetries of information,
    asymmetries of monitoring capacity,
    asymmetries of computational power.
  • externalize,
    externalize the costs,
    externalize the costs of their activities.
  • algorithmic nuisance.
  • harms
    harms of algorithmic decision making.
  • discrimination
    intentional discrimination.
  • pollution,
    unjustified pollution
    socially unjustified pollution
    contra (socially-)justified pollution.
  • power
    computational power.
  • obligations,
    obligations of transparency,<br/ obligations of due process,
    obligations of accountability.
  • obligations flow.
  • requirements,
    substantive requirements,
    three substantive requirements.
  • transparency.
  • accountability.
  • due process.
  • obligation,
    an obligation of.
  • fiduciary relations.
  • public duties.
  • measure,
    a measure,
    a prophylactic measure.
  • externalization,
    unjustified externalization
    unjustified externalization of harms.
  • remedy,
    remedy for harm.

Previously filled.

Syllabus for Solon Barocas @ Cornell | INFO 4270: Ethics and Policy in Data Science

INFO 4270 – Ethics and Policy in Data Science
Instructor: Solon Barocas
Venue: Cornell University

Syllabus

Solon Barocas

Readings

A Canon, The Canon

In order of appearance in the syllabus, without the course cadence markers…

  • Danah Boyd and Kate Crawford, Critical Questions for Big Data; In <paywalled>Information, Communication & Society,Volume 15, Issue 5 (A decade in Internet time: the dynamics of the Internet and society); 2012; DOI:10.1080/1369118X.2012.678878</paywalled>
    Subtitle: Provocations for a cultural, technological, and scholarly phenomenon
  • Tal Zarsky, The Trouble with Algorithmic Decisions; In Science, Technology & Human Values, Vol 41, Issue 1, 2016 (2015-10-14); ResearchGate.
    Subtitle: An Analytic Road Map to Examine Efficiency and Fairness in Automated and Opaque Decision Making
  • Cathy O’Neil, Weapons of Math Destruction; Broadway Books; 2016-09-06; 290 pages, ASIN:B019B6VCLO: Kindle: $12, paper: 10+SHT.
  • Frank Pasquale, The Black Box Society: The Secret Algorithms That Control Money and Information; Harvard University Press; 2016-08-29; 320 pages; ASIN:0674970845: Kindle: $10, paper: $13+SHT.
  • Executive Office of the President, President Barack Obama, Big Data: A Report on Algorithmic Systems, Opportunity, and Civil Rights; The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP); 2016-05; 29 pages; archives.
  • Lisa Gitelman (editor), “Raw Data” is an Oxymoron; Series: Infrastructures; The MIT Press; 2013-01-25; 192 pages; ASIN:B00HCW7H0A: Kindle: $20, paper: $18+SHT.
    Lisa Gitelman, Virginia Jackson; Introduction (6 pages)
  • Agre, “Surveillance and Capture: Two Models of Privacy”
  • Bowker and Star, Sorting Things Out
  • Auerbach, “The Stupidity of Computers”
  • Moor, “What is Computer Ethics?”
  • Hand, “Deconstructing Statistical Questions”
  • O’Neil, On Being a Data Skeptic
  • Domingos, “A Few Useful Things to Know About Machine Learning”
  • Luca, Kleinberg, and Mullainathan, “Algorithms Need Managers, Too”
  • Friedman and Nissenbaum, “Bias in Computer Systems”
  • Lerman, “Big Data and Its Exclusions”
  • Hand, “Classifier Technology and the Illusion of Progress” [Sections 3 and 4]
  • Pager and Shepherd, “The Sociology of Discrimination: Racial Discrimination in Employment, Housing, Credit, and Consumer Markets”
  • Goodman, “Economic Models of (Algorithmic) Discrimination”
  • Hardt, “How Big Data Is Unfair”
  • Barocas and Selbst, “Big Data’s Disparate Impact” [Parts I and II]
  • Gandy, “It’s Discrimination, Stupid”
  • Dwork and Mulligan, “It’s Not Privacy, and It’s Not Fair”
  • Sandvig, Hamilton, Karahalios, and Langbort, “Auditing Algorithms: Research Methods for Detecting Discrimination on Internet Platforms”
  • Diakopoulos, “Algorithmic Accountability: Journalistic Investigation of Computational Power Structures”
  • Lavergne and Mullainathan, “Are Emily and Greg more Employable than Lakisha and Jamal?”
  • Sweeney, “Discrimination in Online Ad Delivery”
  • Datta, Tschantz, and Datta, “Automated Experiments on Ad Privacy Settings”
  • Dwork, Hardt, Pitassi, Reingold, and Zemel, “Fairness Through Awareness”
  • Feldman, Friedler, Moeller, Scheidegger, and Venkatasubramanian, “Certifying and Removing Disparate Impact”
  • Žliobaitė and Custers, “Using Sensitive Personal Data May Be Necessary for Avoiding Discrimination in Data-Driven Decision Models”
  • Angwin, Larson, Mattu, and Kirchner, “Machine Bias”
  • Kleinberg, Mullainathan, and Raghavan, “Inherent Trade-Offs in the Fair Determination of Risk Scores”
  • Northpointe, COMPAS Risk Scales: Demonstrating Accuracy Equity and Predictive Parity
  • Chouldechova, “Fair Prediction with Disparate Impact”
  • Berk, Heidari, Jabbari, Kearns, and Roth, “Fairness in Criminal Justice Risk Assessments: The State of the Art”
  • Hardt, Price, and Srebro, “Equality of Opportunity in Supervised Learning”
  • Wattenberg, Viégas, and Hardt, “Attacking Discrimination with Smarter Machine Learning”
  • Friedler, Scheidegger, and Venkatasubramanian, “On the (Im)possibility of Fairness”
  • Tene and Polonetsky, “Taming the Golem: Challenges of Ethical Algorithmic Decision Making”
  • Lum and Isaac, “To Predict and Serve?”
  • Joseph, Kearns, Morgenstern, and Roth, “Fairness in Learning: Classic and Contextual Bandits”
  • Barocas, “Data Mining and the Discourse on Discrimination”
  • Grgić-Hlača, Zafar, Gummadi, and Weller, “The Case for Process Fairness in Learning: Feature Selection for Fair Decision Making”
  • Vedder, “KDD: The Challenge to Individualism”
  • Lippert-Rasmussen, “‘We Are All Different’: Statistical Discrimination and the Right to Be Treated as an Individual”
  • Schauer, Profiles, Probabilities, And Stereotypes
  • Caliskan, Bryson, and Narayanan, “Semantics Derived Automatically from Language Corpora Contain Human-like Biases”
  • Zhao, Wang, Yatskar, Ordonez, and Chang, “Men Also Like Shopping: Reducing Gender Bias Amplification using Corpus-level Constraints”
  • Bolukbasi, Chang, Zou, Saligrama, and Kalai, “Man Is to Computer Programmer as Woman Is to Homemaker?”
  • Citron and Pasquale, “The Scored Society: Due Process for Automated Predictions”
  • Ananny and Crawford, “Seeing without Knowing”
  • de Vries, “Privacy, Due Process and the Computational Turn”
  • Zarsky, “Transparent Predictions”
  • Crawford and Schultz, “Big Data and Due Process”
  • Kroll, Huey, Barocas, Felten, Reidenberg, Robinson, and Yu, “Accountable Algorithms”
  • Bornstein, “Is Artificial Intelligence Permanently Inscrutable?”
  • Burrell, “How the Machine ‘Thinks’”
  • Lipton, “The Mythos of Model Interpretability”
  • Doshi-Velez and Kim, “Towards a Rigorous Science of Interpretable Machine Learning”
  • Hall, Phan, and Ambati, “Ideas on Interpreting Machine Learning”
  • Grimmelmann and Westreich, “Incomprehensible Discrimination”
  • Selbst and Barocas, “Regulating Inscrutable Systems”
  • Jones, “The Right to a Human in the Loop”
  • Edwards and Veale, “Slave to the Algorithm? Why a ‘Right to Explanation’ is Probably Not the Remedy You are Looking for”
  • Duhigg, “How Companies Learn Your Secrets”
  • Kosinski, Stillwell, and Graepel, “Private Traits and Attributes Are Predictable from Digital Records of Human Behavior”
  • Barocas and Nissenbaum, “Big Data’s End Run around Procedural Privacy Protections”
  • Chen, Fraiberger, Moakler, and Provost, “Enhancing Transparency and Control when Drawing Data-Driven Inferences about Individuals”
  • Robinson and Yu, Knowing the Score
  • Hurley and Adebayo, “Credit Scoring in the Era of Big Data”
  • Valentino-Devries, Singer-Vine, and Soltani, “Websites Vary Prices, Deals Based on Users’ Information”
  • The Council of Economic Advisers, Big Data and Differential Pricing
  • Hannak, Soeller, Lazer, Mislove, and Wilson, “Measuring Price Discrimination and Steering on E-commerce Web Sites”
  • Kochelek, “Data Mining and Antitrust”
  • Helveston, “Consumer Protection in the Age of Big Data”
  • Kolata, “New Gene Tests Pose a Threat to Insurers”
  • Swedloff, “Risk Classification’s Big Data (R)evolution”
  • Cooper, “Separation, Pooling, and Big Data”
  • Simon, “The Ideological Effects of Actuarial Practices”
  • Tufekci, “Engineering the Public”
  • Calo, “Digital Market Manipulation”
  • Kaptein and Eckles, “Selecting Effective Means to Any End”
  • Pariser, “Beware Online ‘Filter Bubbles’”
  • Gillespie, “The Relevance of Algorithms”
  • Buolamwini, “Algorithms Aren’t Racist. Your Skin Is just too Dark”
  • Hassein, “Against Black Inclusion in Facial Recognition”
  • Agüera y Arcas, Mitchell, and Todorov, “Physiognomy’s New Clothes”
  • Garvie, Bedoya, and Frankle, The Perpetual Line-Up
  • Wu and Zhang, “Automated Inference on Criminality using Face Images”
  • Haggerty, “Methodology as a Knife Fight”
    <snide>A metaphorical usage. Let hyperbole be your guide</snide>

Previously filled.

Out of Action: Do protests work? | The New Yorker

Out of Action: Do protests work?; Nathan Heller; In The New Yorker; 2017-08-14.
Teaser: Skeptics suggest that “folk politics”—marches, protests, and the like—are a distraction from the challenges of real change.

tl;dr → No.  Betteridge’s Law. folk politics as “leaderless” slactivism does not work; “leader”-based, top-down circa 1955-1965 did work; see Zeynep Tufekci.

Summary

<quote>Tufekci’s conclusions about the civil-rights movement are unsettling because of what they imply. People such as Kauffman portray direct democracy as a scrappy, passionate enterprise: the underrepresented, the oppressed, and the dissatisfied get together and, strengthened by numbers, force change. Tufekci suggests that the movements that succeed are actually proto-institutional: highly organized; strategically flexible, due to sinewy management structures; and chummy with the sorts of people we now call élites.</quote>

Mentions

  • “folk politics”
    • Attributed to Nick Srnicek, Alex Williams in Inventing the Future
    • Constitutes
      • authenticity-mongering
      • <quote>reasoning through individual stories [is] also a journalistic tic</quote>
      • <quote>a general inability to think systemically about change&lt/;quote>
    • “This is politics transmitted into pastime—politics-as-drug-experience, perhaps—rather than anything capable of transforming society”
    • <quote>Their objection to protest and direct action defies generations of radical zeal. “The people, united, will never be defeated!” the old street chant goes. These lefties say that, actually, they will.</quote>
    • <quote><snip/>the left, despite its pride in being progressive, is mired in nostalgia.
      “Petitions, occupations, strikes, vanguard parties, affinity groups, trade unions: all arose out of particular historical conditions,” they say. They think that modernizing these things for an internationalized, digitized world will free us from what they vividly call our “endless treadmill of misery.” Protest is fine for digging in your heels. But work for change needs to be pragmatic and up-to-date. </quote>
    • <quote>Inventing the Future may be the shrewdest, sanest pipe dream of a book published since the recession.</quote>
  • “the multitude”
    • Attributed to Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri; Assembly (Heretical Thought);
    • Constitutes
    • …some things…

Quotes

  • <quote><snip/>the killings of “more than” forty unarmed black people by law-enforcement officers. A majority of these officers were not indicted, however; of those that were, three were found guilty. To date, only one of the convicted has received a prison sentence.</quote>
  • …more…

Referenced

Previously

In The New Yorker

Datelined
Essays

Soup

  • New York
  • London
  • 2003
  • Occupy Wall Street
  • misdeeds of the finance industry
  • stranglehold of corporate power
  • predations of inequality.
  • Autumn 2011
  • Zuccotti Park
  • lower Manhattan.
  • 2014.
  • Black Lives Matter (B.L.M.)
  • demonstrators
  • Missouri
  • Women’s March
  • female empowerment
  • just-inaugurated President
  • boulevards in cities
  • New York
  • Washington
  • London
  • Los Angeles
  • First Amendment
  • “the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances”
  • Stamp Act boycotts of the seventeen-sixties
  • 1913 suffrage parade and the March on Washington
  • 1963
  • Tom Lehrer
  • Arab Spring
  • Macau
  • the feminism-and-rationalism-flaunting event known as Boobquake.
  • strident
  • Boobquake
  • Brainquake.
  • smartphones
  • social media
  • made organizing easier
  • social theatre
  • folk politics
  • authenticity-mongering
  • reasoning through individual stories [is] also a journalistic tic
  • channelling the righteous sentiments of those involved over the mechanisms of real progress.
  • pastime—politics-as-drug-experience
  • [not] wing nuts of the right
  • [not] stodgy suits
  • [not] quailing centrists.
  • Marx-infused leftists
  • “post-work,” open-bordered world.
  • “postcapitalist”
  • shorten the work week
  • a generous and global basic income
  • when robots take our jobs.

Previously filled.

Roundup of the backlog of The Concepts of Note

Occasion

Whereas The Firefox crashed. Tabs were lost


Activities

C++

  • std::split, the proposal
  • gcc 7.2
  • Generalizing Range-Based Variables
  • Inline Variables

Debug

  • rngd: No entropy sources working, exiting

Bubblicious

  • Blockstack

Bookists

  • Thinking in C++, Volume 1, Volume 2
  • Chris Hayes
    • A Colony in a Nation
    • Twilight of the Elites: America after Meritocracy
  • Notable Privacy and Security Books, therein
  • Surveillance Studies, CRC Press
  • Feminist Surveillance Studies, Duke University Press
  • Do Economists Make Markets: On the Performativity of Economics
  • Andrew Lo, Adaptive Markets: Financial Evolution at the Speed of Thought
  • Mervyn King, Radical Uncertainty
  • Frank Pasquale; The Black Box Society: <long><<subtitle/></long>
  • Billie Rinaldi, Aaron Cordova, Michael Wall; Accumulo; O’Reilly Media; 2015-07; ISBN:9781491947098
  • Susann Wagenknecht; A Social Epiistemology of Research Groups; Palgrave Macmillan; 2016; 187 pages; Amazon:B01N1P7W67: Kindle: $110, paper: $60+SHT <wow>$0.58/page</wow>
  • and

Concepts

  • Black Sky Thinking
  • Constructal Law
  • Edge
  • Middle Voice
  • Pull
  • Shift, The Big Shift, The Shift Index
  • Stocks vs Flows, wasn’t it ever thus?
  • Taxes for Revenue, or not, MMT
  • Uncertainty, Knightian Uncertainty
  • Universal Dole

Folk Theorems

  • Goodhart’s Law
  • Drucker’s Rule
  • Zookoo’s Triangle
    2 of 3 in { Secure, Memorable, Global }

Essaying

  • The Art of Unix Usability
  • Karl Marks and the Three Faces of Technological Determinism
  • Kranzenberg’s Six Laws of Technology, A Metaphor , and a Story
  • Rachel Armstrong; Why We Should Make 100-Year Plans <obvious>even though we won’t live to see even a fraction of that time duration</obvious>
  • Devops Against Humanity
  • Terra Incognita: On the Practicality of User-Space File Systems

Finance

  • VBTLX
  • VTSAX
  • John C. Bogle; The Little Book of Common Sense Investing

Papering

Persons

  • Dan Luu
  • Mirowski
  • Nik-Khah

Products

  • Intel NUC, still alive?
    • NVMe
  • Intel Edison, terminated.
  • RP13 Light

Projects

  • D-Bus
  • Gorilla iMux gorilla/mux
  • graphqlparser – GraphQL
  • roscpp Robot Operating System
  • Apache with OSCP Stapling
  • openca/openca-oscpd – an OSCP Responder
  • Accumulo, Apache
    Like BigTable, but made of Hadoop, ZooKeeper, Thrift.
  • Digital Object Architecture, Internet Society

References

  • yes

Definitional

Standards

C++
  • N3690
Certifications
  • CompTIA Security SYO-401
RFC
  • RFC 3849
  • RFC 4941
  • RFC 5280
  • RFC 5737
  • RFC 7217

Jimi Wales Wiki

  • Technological Determinism
  • World-Systems Theory
  • The Other Canon Foundation
  • Covering-Law Model
  • Harold Innis
  • Laws of Media, The Tetrad of Media by Marshall McLuhan
  • Meson
  • George Gurdjeff
  • The Fourth Way
  • Extropy, Extropianism
  • X.509
  • CompTIA
  • Accumulo, Apache
  • Piconet, PicoRadio
  • Institutional Logic
  • Scram

Vocabulary

  • Explanada
  • Salutary

The Futures of Everyday Life: Politics and the Design of Experiential Scenarios | Stuart Candy

Stuart Candy; The Futures of Everyday Life: Politics and the Design of Experiential Scenarios; Ph.D. Dissertation; University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa; 2010-08; 372 pages; DOI:10.13140/RG.2.1.1840.0248; ResearchGate.

Abstract

The great existential challenges facing the human species can be traced, in part, to the fact that we have underdeveloped discursive practices for thinking possible worlds ‘out loud’, performatively and materially, in the register of experience. That needs to change. In this dissertation, a methodology for ‘experiential scenarios’, covering a range of interventions and media from immersive performance to stand-alone ‘artifacts from the future’, is offered as a partial corrective. The beginnings of aesthetic, political and ethical frameworks for ‘experiential futures’ are proposed, drawing on alternative futures methodology, the emerging anti- mediumist practice of ‘experience design’, and the theoretical perspective of a Rancièrian ‘politics of aesthetics’. The relationships between these three domains — futures, design, and politics — are explored to show how and why they are coming together, and what each has to offer the others. The upshot is that our apparent binary choice between unthinkable dystopia and unimaginable utopia is a false dilemma, because in fact, we can and should imagine ‘possibility space’ hyperdimensionally, and seek to flesh out worlds hitherto supposed unimaginable or unthinkable on a daily basis. Developed from early deployments across a range of settings in everyday life, from urban guerrilla-style activism to corporate consulting, experiential scenarios do not offer definitive answers as to how the future will look, or even how it should look, but they can contribute to a mental ecology within which these questions may be posed and discussed more effectively than ever before.

Concept

Experiential Scenarios

Contribution

A [better] mental ecology in which [futures] questions may be posed and discussed.

Thesis
  • a diagnosis
  • a methodology
  • a corrective
  • a framework

Mentions

  • (thinking) out loud
  • (thinking) performatively and materially
  • the register of experience
  • artifacts from the future
  • experiential futures
  • alternative futures methodology
  • experience designthe emerging anti- mediumist practice of)
  • Jacques Rancière, b1940, see Jimi Wales’ Wiki
  • politics of aesthetics
  • possibility space
  • hyperdimensionally
Domains
  • futures
  • design
  • politics
Span
  • unthinkable dystopia
  • unimaginable utopia

Claim: a false dilemma, no a binary choice.

Scope
  • urban guerrilla-style activism
  • corporate consulting

as such: all

Committee
    • Jim Dator

, chair

  • Michael J. Shapiro
  • Debora Halbert
  • Stephen Duncombe
  • Markus Wessendorf

Table of Contents

  • Acknowledgements
  • Abstract
  • List of Figures
  • Introduction. The Unthinkable And The Unimaginable
  • Chapter 1. Beyond Utopia And Dystopia
    • Three easy pieces
      1. Alternative futures
      2. Images of the future
      3. The trio of possible, probable and preferable futures
    • Mapping possibility space
    • A note about theory
    • Generating scenarios
    • The four generic futures
    • Four corners of possibility space
    • Conclusion
  • Chapter 2. From Experiential Gulf To Experiential Scenario
    • A tale of two cities
      1. New Orleans: Blindsided by Katrina
      2. Detroit: The future that couldn’t last
    • Lessons from New Orleans and Detroit
    • Another hurricane, and the experiential gulf
    • Reuniting brain and body
    • Mind the gap
    • For a mundane turn in futures
    • Experiential scenarios: a case study
    • Experience design
    • Conclusion
  • Chapter 3. The Politics Of Futures And Design
    • Scoping the political
    • Futures and design, considered politically
      1. Critical, political futures
      2. The politics of design
        1. Take One: Design as a signal of human intention
        2. Take Two: Design as reshaping the material world
    • Conclusion
  • Chapter 4. Why Futures And Design Are Getting Married
    • A good fit
    • Deepening discourse by design
      1. Discursive, critical and interrogative design
      2. Design fiction
    • The dance depends on who leads
    • Three principles for designing experiential scenarios
      1. Don’t break the universe
      2. The tip of the iceberg
      3. The art of the double take
    • Conclusion
  • Chapter 5. Guerrillas In The Wild
    • Situating guerrilla futures
    • Culture jamming and prefigurative politics
      1. Jamming the future
      2. Performing the preferred future
    • Three guerrilla futures interventions
      1. New York Times Special Edition
      2. Hawaii Blue Line Project
      3. FoundFutures: Chinatown
    • A comparative case study
      1. Space
      2. Media
      3. Time
      4. Narrative
      5. Audience Involvement
    • Evaluating political effectiveness
    • A checklist for guerrilla engagement
    • Conclusion
  • Chapter 6. Scenario, Simulation, Hoax
    • An ontological spectrum
    • Three discursive technologies
    • Experiential concreteness and indispensable mimesis
    • Two Halloweens (Tricks, or treats?)
      1. War of the Worlds
      2. Hell House
    • Two ethical risks
      1. Distressing?
      2. Misleading?
    • Towards an ethics of experiential futures
    • Conclusion
  • Chapter 7. The Futures Of Everyday Life
    • Has futures studies failed?
    • What would it mean to succeed?
    • How are we approaching it?
      1. Future-shock therapy vs ambient foresight
      2. Foresight that is like falling off a log
      3. Ambient foresight nodes
      4. Ambient foresight networks
      5. The limits of ambience?
    • A futures-oriented social ecology
    • Conclusion
  • Conclusion. How We Might Feel Tomorrow
  • References

References

There are 496 references, pages 327-336.

  1. Abel, Jenny and Jeff Hockett (dir.), 2005, Abel Raises Cain (Documentary). United States: Crashcourse Documentaries.
  2. Adams, Douglas, 2005 [1979], The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy. USA: Del Rey.
  3. Adbusters Media Foundation, n.d., Spoof ads gallery, ‘Obsession for Women’. https://www.adbusters.org/gallery/spoofads/fashion/obsession_women
  4. Aldrich, Clark, 2004, Simulations and the Future of Learning: An Innovative (and Perhaps Revolutionary) Approach to e-Learning. San Francisco: Pfeiffer / John Wiley & Sons.
  5. Alvin and Heidi Toffler personal website. http://www.alvintoffler.net/?fa=books
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The Dataflow Model: A Practical Approach to Balancing Correctness, Latency, and Cost in Massive-Scale, Unbounded, Out-of-Order Data Processing | Akidau et al. (Google)

Tyler Akidau, Robert Bradshaw, Craig Chambers, Slava Chernyak, Rafael J. Fernandez-Moctezuma, Reuven Lax, Sam McVeety, Daniel Mills, ́ Frances Perry, Eric Schmidt, Sam Whittle; The Dataflow Model: A Practical Approach to Balancing Correctness, Latency, and Cost in Massive-Scale, Unbounded, Out-of-Order Data Processing; In Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Data Bases (VLDB), Volume 8, Number 12; 2015-08-31; 12 pages; Google, paywall

Abstract

Unbounded, unordered, global-scale datasets are increasingly common in day-to-day business (e.g. Web logs, mobile usage statistics, and sensor networks). At the same time, consumers of these datasets have evolved sophisticated requirements, such as event-time ordering and windowing by features of the data themselves, in addition to an insatiable hunger for faster answers. Meanwhile, practicality dictates that one can never fully optimize along all dimensions of correctness, latency, and cost for these types of input. As a result, data processing practitioners are left with the quandary of how to reconcile the tensions between these seemingly competing propositions, often resulting in disparate implementations and systems.

We propose that a fundamental shift of approach is necessary to deal with these evolved requirements in modern data processing. We as a field must stop trying to groom unbounded datasets into finite pools of information that eventually become complete, and instead live and breathe under the assumption that we will never know if or when we have seen all of our data, only that new data will arrive, old data may be retracted, and the only way to make this problem tractable is via principled abstractions that allow the practitioner the choice of appropriate tradeoffs along the axes of interest: correctness, latency, and cost.

In this paper, we present one such approach, the Dataflow Mode, along with a detailed examination of the semantics it enables, an overview of the core principles that guided its design, and a validation of the model itself via the real-world experiences that led to its development

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  14. Sirish Chandrasekaran, Owen Cooper, Amol Deshpande, Michael J. Franklin, Joseph M. Hellerstein, Wei Hong, Sailesh Krishnamurthy, Samuel R. Madden, Fred Reiss, Mehul A. Shah, TelegraphCQ: continuous dataflow processing, In Proceedings of the 2003 ACM International Conference on Management of Data (SIGMOD), 2003-06-09 → 2003-06-12, San Diego, California. [doi:10.1145/872757.872857]
  15. Jianjun Chen, David J. DeWitt, Feng Tian, Yuan Wang, NiagaraCQ: a scalable continuous query system for Internet databases, In Proceedings of the 2000 ACM International Conference on Management of Data (SIGMOD), p.379-390, 2000-05-15 → 2000-05-18, Dallas, Texas, USA. [doi:10.1145/342009.335432]
  16. Jeffrey Dean, Sanjay Ghemawat, MapReduce: simplified data processing on large clusters, In Proceedings of the 6th Conference (or Symposium?) on Operating Systems Design & Implementation (OSDI), p.10-10, 2004-12-06 → 2004-12-08, San Francisco, CA
  17. EsperTech. Esper, 2006.
  18. Alan F. Gates, Olga Natkovich, Shubham Chopra, Pradeep Kamath, Shravan M. Narayanamurthy, Christopher Olston, Benjamin Reed, Santhosh Srinivasan, Utkarsh Srivastava, Building a high-level dataflow system on top of Map-Reduce: the Pig experience, In Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment, v.2 n.2, 2009-08. [doi:10.14778/1687553.1687568]
  19. Google. Dataflow SDK, 2015.
  20. Google. Google Cloud Dataflow. 2015.
  21. Theodore Johnson, S. Muthukrishnan, Vladislav Shkapenyuk, Oliver Spatscheck, A heartbeat mechanism and its application in gigascope, In Proceedings of the 31st International Conference on Very Large Data Bases (VLDB), 2005-08-30 → 2005-09-02, Trondheim, Norway
  22. Jin Li, David Maier, Kristin Tufte, Vassilis Papadimos, Peter A. Tucker, Semantics and evaluation techniques for window aggregates in data streams, In Proceedings of the 2005 ACM International Conference on Management of Data (SIGMOD), 2005-06-14 → 2005-06-16, Baltimore, Maryland. [doi:10.1145/1066157.1066193]
  23. Jin Li, Kristin Tufte, Vladislav Shkapenyuk, Vassilis Papadimos, Theodore Johnson, David Maier, Out-of-order processing: a new architecture for high-performance stream systems, In Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment, v.1 n.1, 2008-08. [doi:10.14778/1453856.1453890]
  24. David Maier, Jin Li, Peter Tucker, Kristin Tufte, Vassilis Papadimos, Semantics of Data streams and operators, In Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Database Theory, 2005-01-05 → 2005-01-07, Edinburgh, UK. [doi:10.1007/978-3-540-30570-5_3]
  25. N. Marz. How to beat the CAP theorem, In His Blog. 2011.
  26. S. Murthy et al. Pulsar — Real-Time Analytics at Scale. Technical report, eBay, 2015.
  27. SQLStream, 2015.
  28. Utkarsh Srivastava, Jennifer Widom, Flexible time management in data stream systems, In Proceedings of the Twenty-Third Acm SIGMOD-SIGACT-SIGART Symposium on Principles of Database Systems (PODS), 2004-06-14 → 2004-06-16, Paris, France. [doi:10.1145/1055558.1055596]
  29. Ashish Thusoo, Joydeep Sen Sarma, Namit Jain, Zheng Shao, Prasad Chakka, Suresh Anthony, Hao Liu, Pete Wyckoff, Raghotham Murthy, Hive: a warehousing solution over a map-reduce framework, In Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment, v.2 n.2, 2009-08. [doi:10.14778/1687553.1687609]
  30. Peter A. Tucker, David Maier, Tim Sheard, Leonidas Fegaras, Exploiting Punctuation Semantics in Continuous Data Streams, In IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, v.15 n.3, p.555-568, 2003-03. [doi:10.1109/TKDE.2003.1198390]
  31. James Whiteneck, Kristin Tufte, Amit Bhat, David Maier, Rafael J. Fernández-Moctezuma, Framing the question: detecting and filling spatial-temporal windows, In Proceedings of the ACM SIGSPATIAL International Workshop on GeoStreaming, p.19-22, 2010-11-02 → 2010-11-02, San Jose, California. [doi:10.1145/1878500.1878506]
  32. F. Yang and others. Sonora: A Platform for Continuous Mobile-Cloud Computing. Technical Report MSR-TR-2012-34, Microsoft Research Asia.
  33. Matei Zaharia, Mosharaf Chowdhury, Tathagata Das, Ankur Dave, Justin Ma, Murphy McCauley, Michael J. Franklin, Scott Shenker, Ion Stoica, Resilient distributed datasets: a fault-tolerant abstraction for in-memory cluster computing, In Proceedings of the 9th USENIX Conference on Networked Systems Design and Implementation (NSDI), 2012-03-25 → 2012-03-27, San Jose, CA
  34. Matei Zaharia, Tathagata Das, Haoyuan Li, Timothy Hunter, Scott Shenker, Ion Stoica, Discretized streams: fault-tolerant streaming computation at scale, In Proceedings of the Twenty-Fourth ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles (SOSP), 2013-11-03 → 2013-11-06, Farminton, Pennsylvania. [doi:10.1145/2517349.2522737]

Previously filled.

Roundup of unnoted & unfilled items

Within Adtech

  • Something from Doc Searls
    • in Medium
    • Zingy, ranty.
  • AdChain
  • AdMarket
  • Basic Attention Token (BAT)
  • Distributed Application Organization (DAO)
  • Investment in adtech reduces
    • LUMAscape, ending their funding runways
    • 80% reduction in (new) funding
    • Because of GDPR
    • Because of nonviability
  • Audience Science shut down 30 days after losing Proctor & Gamble
  • Prebid.js

Within Architecture

  • Architecture (talks) at InfoQ
    • Criteo
    • Spotify

Within C++

Separately noted.

Within Futures (Studies) Thinking

Separately noted.

Within Surveillance (Studies)

  • The Ultrasound Tracking Ecosystem
    • Vigna
    • PETS 2015
    • PETS 2016
    • UB.easec.org
  • and

Webware

Enbrowser all the things; JavaScript wrapup all the primitives.

  • WebAssembly
    • in lieu of Java bytecode.
    • in lieu of x86_64 codes.
  • WebBluetooth
  • WebUSB
    • USB 3.0
    • NIC
  • and

Smart TV (Fall Technology Series) | FTC

Smart TV; Federal Trade Commission (FTC); 2016-12-07.

Mentions

Surely they said something of import.

Who

  • Justin Brookman is Policy Director of the FTC’s Office of Technology Research and Investigation (OTECH)
  • Ian Klein is a graduate student pursuing an MS in Computer Science at Stevens Institute of Technology,
  • Josh Chasin is the Chief Research Officer of comScore.
  • Jane Clarke is the CEO and Managing Director of the Coalition for Innovative Media Measurement (CIMM).
  • Shaq Katikala is Counsel and Assistant Director of Technology & Data Science at the Network Advertising Initiative (NAI).
  • Ashwin Navin is CEO and co-founder of Samba TV.
  • Mark Risis was the Head of Strategy and Business Development for TiVo Research through 2016-11.
  • Serge Egelman is the Research Director of the Usable Security & Privacy Group at the International Computer Science Institute (ICSI), is “lead” at the Berkeley Laboratory for Usable and Experimental Security at the University of California, Berkeley.
  • Claire Gartland is Director of the Consumer Privacy Project at the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC).
  • Dallas Harris is a Policy Fellow at Public Knowledge.
  • Emmett O’Keefe is Senior Vice President of Advocacy at the Direct Marketing Association (DMA)
  • Maria Rerecich is the Director of Electronics Testing at Consumer Reports (CR).

The krb5-auth-dialog for GNOME

Configuration

Seems pretty self-configuring, within the limitations

  • Launch on logon … a GNOME dialog somewhere (not on the Settings center)
    gnome-session-properties

Folklore

Packages

$ rpm -q krb5-auth-dialog
krb5-auth-dialog-3.14.0-1.fc21.x86_64
$ rpm -q krb5-auth-dialog
krb5-auth-dialog-3.2.1-7.fc20.x86_64
$ rpm -q krb5-auth-dialog
krb5-auth-dialog-3.2.1-7.fc19.x86_64

Actualties


Also: problems with the certificate on honk.sigxcpu.org are noted.

Move Over, Millennials, Here Comes Generation Z | NYT

Move Over, Millennials, Here Comes Generation Z; Alex Williams; In The New York Times (NYT); 2015-09-18.
How To Spot a Member of Generation Z; Alex Williams; In The New York Times (NYT); 2015-09-18.

 Mentions

  • Generation Z
  • “millennials on steroids”, attributed to Lucie Greene
  • Avatars
    attributed to Lucie Greene

    • Millennial, Generation Y → Hannah Horvath from ‘Girls’ (a television sitcom)
      • self-involved
      • dependent
      • flailing financially
      • dream fantasy collide with reality
    • Generation Z →Alex Dunphy from ‘Modern Family’
      • conscientious
      • hard-working
      • somewhat anxious
      • mindful of the future
  • Social Media
    • Secret
    • Snapchat
    • Whisper
    • (they avoid) Facebook
  • personal brand
  • Generations
    the definitions, the boundaries

    • “others” → 1995, Generation Z
    • Neil Howe → start 2004, Homeland Generation, Silent Generation (grandparents of Homelanders)
  • Generation X
    • 1970s
    • latchkey kids
    • jaded
    • funk
    • post-Watergate
    • post-Vietnam
    • Nirvana
    • slasher movies
  • Generation Z
    • children of Generation X
    • safety concerns; antecdotes given via mommy blogs
    • pragmatism
    • entrepreneurs
    • Fashion, via companion.
      • Gender-Neutral (androgynous)
      • Rocker Redux
      • Normcore
  • pragmatism
    supported by of quotes-as-evidence & antecdotes-as-evidence
  • <quote>This vision of a generation with wired brains, making their way in an ethnic-stew society of the future, makes them sound like the replicants from “Blade Runner.”</quote>
  • Silent Generation
    framing by Neil How

    • Grandparents of Generation Z (Homelanders)
    • Great Depression
    • New Dealers
    • work within the system
    • richest
    • the man in the grey flannel suit.
    • Exemplars
      • Martin Luther King Jr.
      • Elvis Presley
      • Andy Warhol

Exemplars

  • Emily Citarella, age 16, student: high school, Atlanta, GA.
  • Hannah Payne, age 18, student: U.C.L.A., bloggiest, lifestyle genre.
  • Ruby Karp, age 15, New York, bloggist HelloGiggles.
  • Anthony Richard Jr., age 17, Gretna, LA.
  • Seimi Park, age 17, student: high school (senior), Virginia Beach, VA.
  • Andrew Schoonover, age 15-year, Olathe, KS.

Quoted

For color, background  & verisimilitude

Factoids

Towards diversity

variously from United States Census summarizations..
  • The count of Americans self-identifying as
    • mixed white-and-black biracial rose 134%.
    • mixed white and Asian descent grew by 87%.
  • From 2000 and 2010, the Hispanic population grew at four times the rate of the total population.

Towards pragmatism (contra risk behavior)

variously from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (uncited)
  • the percentage of high school students who had had at least one drink of alcohol in their lives declined to about 66 percent in 2013, from about 82 percent in 1991.
  • The number who reported never or rarely wearing a seatbelt in a car driven by someone else declined to about 8 percent, compared with about 26 percent in 1991.

Referenced

Location Terminology Guide: The Language of Location | Mobile Marketing Association (MMA)

Location Terminology Guide: The Language of Location; Mobile Marketing Association (MMA); 2013-09; 24 pages; landing; regwalled (pay with PII).

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction: The Language Of Location
  2. Location Data & Signals
  3. Location Targeting & Strategies
  4. Location Measurement & Metrics
  5. Glossary Of Terms
  6. Who We Are
  7. About MMA

Mentions

  • Digital Advertising Alliance (DAA)

DAA’s Application of Self-Regulatory

Who

The Location Committee’s Location Terminology Guide Working Group:

Name Title Organization
Leo Scullin Global Industry Initiatives MMA
Monica Ho VP of Marketing xAd
Jake Moskowitz VP, Innovations Lab Nielsen
Dan Silver Director of Marketing PlaceIQ
David Tannenbaum Associate Director ThinkNear
Allison Merlino VP of Sales, Northeast Millennial Media
Shannon Denison VP, Products & Insights Voltari
Sean Trepeta President Mobiquity Networks
Renee Soucy Writer Voltari
Alexa Irish Senior Strategic Designer Nielsen

Promotion

MMA Introduces Location Terminology Guide; press release; Mobile Marketing Association (MMA); 2013-09-25.
Teaser: MMA committee unveils lexicon to define mobile location practices and educate marketers on the methods available across data, measurement and technology

Referenced

  • Mobile Guidance; Digital Advertising Alliance (DAA)
  • Principles to the Mobile Environment; Digital Advertising Alliance (DAA); 2013-07.

SOLVED autofs fails to mount NFS v3 on Fedora 21 with ‘Failed to start NFS status monitor for NFSv2/3 locking..’

Indications

  • autofs partially works
  • mounts NFSv4 volumes
  • fails to mount NFSv3 volumes

Remediation

systemctl enable rpcbind.service
systemctl start rpcbind.service

Configuration

  • Fedora 21
  • autofs
  • NFS client only (no NFS serving is to be provided)
  • A mixture of NFS servers
    • NFS v4 served from Fedora 18
    • NFS v3 served from ReadyNAS, where NFS v4 is not possible.
# rpm -q nfs-utils autofs
nfs-utils-1.3.1-6.3.fc21.i686
autofs-5.1.0-10.fc21.i686

Diagnostics

Jun 20 08:05:49 pert rpc.statd[471]: Version 1.3.1 starting
Jun 20 08:05:49 pert rpc.statd[471]: Flags: TI-RPC
Jun 20 08:05:49 pert rpc.statd[471]: Opening /var/run/rpc.statd.pid failed: Permission denied
Jun 20 08:05:49 pert systemd: rpc-statd.service: control process exited, code=exited status=1
Jun 20 08:05:49 pert systemd: Failed to start NFS status monitor for NFSv2/3 locking..
Jun 20 08:05:49 pert systemd: Unit rpc-statd.service entered failed state.
Jun 20 08:05:49 pert systemd: rpc-statd.service failed.
Jun 20 08:05:49 pert rpc.statd[473]: Version 1.3.1 starting
Jun 20 08:05:49 pert rpc.statd[473]: Flags: TI-RPC
Jun 20 08:05:49 pert kernel: [42669.994356] svc: failed to register lockdv1 RPC service (errno 97).
Jun 20 08:05:49 pert kernel: svc: failed to register lockdv1 RPC service (errno 97).

Followup

# ls -ld /var/run
lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 6 Jun 9 04:48 /var/run -> ../run
# ls -lad /run/rpc*
-r--r--r--. 1 root root 0 Jun 20 08:04 /run/rpcbind.lock
srw-rw-rw-. 1 root root 0 Jun 20 08:04 /run/rpcbind.sock
-rw-r--r--. 1 rpcuser rpcuser 4 Jun 20 08:05 /run/rpc.statd.pid
# ls -ladZ /run/rpc*
-r--r--r--. root root system_u:object_r:rpcbind_var_run_t:s0 /run/rpcbind.lock
srw-rw-rw-. root root system_u:object_r:rpcbind_var_run_t:s0 /run/rpcbind.sock
-rw-r--r--. rpcuser rpcuser unconfined_u:object_r:var_run_t:s0 /run/rpc.statd.pid

References

  • [SOLVED] AutoFS NFS doesn’t mount on startup, failed to create rpc, 2015-02-15
    tl;dr → Not really a solution so much as a reminder that rpcbind.service needs to be started to run an NFS client in NFS v2 & NFS v3; does not explain the failure of rpc-statd.
  • NFS no longer mounts: rpc-statd fails to start; Some dude using the self-asserted identity token Carpetsmoker; In Unix & Linux Stack Exchange; 2015-02-11.
    tl;dr → mentions rpcbind, rpc-statd and exhibits the messages from /var/log/messages
  • 1175005Cannot mount NFS v3 partition until after reboot; In Red Hat Bugzilla; 2014-12-16 → 2015-05-15.
    tl;dr → mentions rpcbind, rpc-statd, against nfs-utils-1.3.0 (here nfs-utils-1.3.1); provides remediation but no solution.

Actualities

# mkdir /tmp/tt
# mount -v -o vers=3 server.example.com:/vol/fedora /tmp/tt
mount.nfs: timeout set for Sat Jun 20 08:03:13 2015
Job for rpc-statd.service failed. See "systemctl status rpc-statd.service" and "journalctl -xe" for details.
^C
# systemctl status rpc-statd.service
● rpc-statd.service - NFS status monitor for NFSv2/3 locking.
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/rpc-statd.service; static)
   Active: failed (Result: exit-code) since Sat 2015-06-20 08:01:13 PDT; 20s ago
  Process: 378 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/rpc.statd --no-notify $STATDARGS (code=exited, status=1/FAILURE)

Jun 20 08:01:13 server.example.com rpc.statd[379]: Version 1.3.1 starting
Jun 20 08:01:13 server.example.com rpc.statd[379]: Flags: TI-RPC
Jun 20 08:01:13 server.example.com systemd[1]: rpc-statd.service: control process exited, code=exited status=1
Jun 20 08:01:13 server.example.com systemd[1]: Failed to start NFS status monitor for NFSv2/3 locking..
Jun 20 08:01:13 server.example.com systemd[1]: Unit rpc-statd.service entered failed state.
Jun 20 08:01:13 server.example.com systemd[1]: rpc-statd.service failed.
# systemctl status rpcbind.service
● rpcbind.service - RPC bind service
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/rpcbind.service; static)
   Active: inactive (dead)
# systemctl enable rpcbind.service
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/sockets.target.wants/rpcbind.socket to /usr/lib/systemd/system/rpcbind.socket.
# systemctl start rpcbind.service
# mount -o vers=3 -v server.example.com:/vol/fedora /tmp/tt
mount.nfs: timeout set for Sat Jun 20 08:07:49 2015
Job for rpc-statd.service failed. See "systemctl status rpc-statd.service" and "journalctl -xe" for details.
mount.nfs: trying text-based options 'vers=3,addr=192.168.131.99'
mount.nfs: prog 100003, trying vers=3, prot=6
mount.nfs: trying 192.168.131.99 prog 100003 vers 3 prot TCP port 2049
mount.nfs: prog 100005, trying vers=3, prot=17
mount.nfs: trying 192.168.131.99 prog 100005 vers 3 prot UDP port 44102
# ls /tmp/tt
...output...
# systemctl status rpc-statd.service
● rpc-statd.service - NFS status monitor for NFSv2/3 locking.
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/rpc-statd.service; static)
   Active: failed (Result: exit-code) since Sat 2015-06-20 08:05:49 PDT; 19min ago
  Process: 470 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/rpc.statd --no-notify $STATDARGS (code=exited, status=1/FAILURE)

Jun 20 08:05:49 server.example.com rpc.statd[471]: Version 1.3.1 starting
Jun 20 08:05:49 server.example.com systemd[1]: rpc-statd.service: control process exited, code=exited status=1
Jun 20 08:05:49 server.example.com systemd[1]: Failed to start NFS status monitor for NFSv2/3 locking..
Jun 20 08:05:49 server.example.com systemd[1]: Unit rpc-statd.service entered failed state.
Jun 20 08:05:49 server.example.com systemd[1]: rpc-statd.service failed.
# systemctl enable rpc-statd.service
The unit files have no [Install] section. They are not meant to be enabled
using systemctl.
Possible reasons for having this kind of units are:
1) A unit may be statically enabled by being symlinked from another unit's
   .wants/ or .requires/ directory.
2) A unit's purpose may be to act as a helper for some other unit which has
   a requirement dependency on it.
3) A unit may be started when needed via activation (socket, path, timer,
   D-Bus, udev, scripted systemctl call, ...).
# systemctl is-enabled rpcbind.service
static
# systemctl is-active rpcbind.service
active
# systemctl status rpcbind.service
● rpcbind.service - RPC bind service
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/rpcbind.service; static)
   Active: active (running) since Sat 2015-06-20 08:04:47 PDT; 30min ago
 Main PID: 454 (rpcbind)
   CGroup: /system.slice/rpcbind.service
           └─454 /sbin/rpcbind -w
#

NFS no longer mounts: rpc-statd fails to start

 

 

Analysis of OpenX-Publishers Cooperation | Olejnik, Castelluccia

Lukasz Olejnik, Claude Castelluccia; Analysis of OpenX-Publishers Cooperation; In Proceedings of Hot Privacy Enhancing Technologies Symposium (HotPETS); 2014-07-18; 10 pages.

  • Understood as “Analysis of Cooperation between OpenX and Publishers”
  • University researcher discovers the First Party Exchange,.exposé follows.

Abstract

Real-Time Bidding is a protocol enabling the serving of advertisements. It involves Ad Exchanges, bidders and publishers. In this note, we report the findings of cooperation between OpenX Ad Exchange and selected publishers. The setting has potentially important implications for Web users privacy and security. For example, Web browser mechanisms responsible for blocking third-party cookies are rendered ineffective.

Mentions

SOLVED Whither the Apache httpd message ‘SELinux is preventing httpd from name_connect access on the tcp_socket’?

tl;dr

setsebool -P httpd_can_network_connect_db=on

Previously

References

Anti-Solutions

Policy

allow httpd_t mysqld_port_t:tcp_socket name_connect;

Execute

semanage port -a -t httpd_port_t -p tcp 3306

Two Roads Converged: Accelerating Market Adoption for Electric Vehicles | Geoffrey Moore at SVLG’s Driving Charged & Connected 2013

Two Roads Converged: Accelerating Market Adoption for Electric Vehicles; Silicon Valley Leadership Group, Driving Charged & Connected; 2013-06-06; 19 pages.

SEs Geoff Moore Keynote for Silicon Valley Leadership Group’s Driving Connected & Charged; Palo Alto; 2013-06-06; 1:01:39.

Related

Conversational Architecture Visual Expression (CAVE), an experience design language

CAVE Language

Who

Mentions

  • Conversational Architecture Visual Expression (CAVE).
  • Persona, Affinity, Goal, Environment (PAGE).
  • Content, Functionality, Rules, Style (CFRS?)
  • Switch (a state; why the fancy misdirecting name?)
  • Adaptive Context Engine (ACE)
  • Experience Metaphors
    • Desktop
    • Page
    • etc.
  • Forces
    1. Mobile Devices
    2. Social Media
    3. Data
    4. Sensors
    5. Location
  • Layers
    • Modes (Application)
    • Context (User, Environment)
    • Data
  • Conversation Concepts
    1. User Personas
    2. User Affinity
    3. User Goals
    4. User Environments
    5. Aggregating and Analyzing Context
    6. Your Agenda
    7. Model Response
    8. Continuity
    9. Ubiquity
    10. Authenticity

Examples

Bike App Modes Rain Imminent Switch
Bike App Modes Beat the Weather Switch

Background

  • Axilent
    • Loren Davie, CEO and founder
  • Adaptive Context Engine (ACE)
    • A SaaS content publishing platform.
    • <quote>ACE makes it easy to target content to users based on their context.</quote>
    • Has plugins.
    • User Profiles
  • Something about
    • Content Channels
    • Content Everywhere
    • Targeted Content
  • Content Management System (CMS)
    • needs one
    • supplies one
    • integrates with one
  • Axilent At a Glance

Promotions

  • Loren Davie; How We Built A New Design Language For “Aware” Apps; In Fast Co.LABS; 2013-11-15.
    Loren Davie is the CEO and founder of Axilent, which aids developers in building contextual applications.
  • Loren Davie; Why The Next Big Thing In Computing Is Conversation; In Fast Co.LABS; 2013-09-03.
    Teaser: For 30 years, the dominant metaphor in computing has been the desktop: files, folders, and documents. But with apps like Apple’s Siri and Google Now, developers should be looking to a far more futuristic paradigm: the natural-language, contextually aware human-computer “conversation.”

Similar

  • StateCharts
  • UML

Via: backfill

Ad Verifiers Aim ‘Surgical Strikes’ Against Bots | AdExchanger

; Ad Verifiers Aim ‘Surgical Strikes’ Against Bots; In AdExchanger; 2013-10-14.

Mentions

  • Centerpiece
    • Integral Ad Science (formerly AdSafe)
      • Scott Knoll, CEO
    • DoubleVerify
      • Wayne Gattinella, CEO & president
  • Exemplars of the space
    • Integral Ad Science,
    • DoubleVerify,
    • AppNexus,
    • Spider.io,
    • Moat
    • Dstillery (formerly Media6degrees).
  • Integral Ad Science
    • New product, new bot detection scheme
    • A “firewall” metaphor
    • Behavior patterns are monitored to develop the firewall (metaphor)
      • no blacklist
      • no whitelist
    • Reference Customers
      • OpenX,
      • Adap.tv
      • Federated Media
    • Claim: <quote>20 percent of display ad impressions purchased through exchanges are “suspicious of being fraudulent.”</quote> attributed to Scott Knoll
  • DoubleVerify
    • Entitled “DV Bot Fraud Protection”
    • A “firewall” metaphor
    • Something about copyright infringement too
  • Others, who have one of these (a video accent)
    • Adap.tv
      • Something about:
        • maybe they have detector
        • or they buy detection from Integral Ad Science
      • or …
    • YuMe
      • Product entitled “Placement Quality Index”
      • Detects
        • Fake impressions
        • Click fraud
        • stacked ads
        • below-the-fold

Sensor-ID

Scheme

  • Every sensor has (tiny) defects
  • The (digital) precision is capable of representing the defects.
  • The defects are reported deterministically as artefacts.
  • These artefacts can be recovered at the JavaScript layer and used to effect.
  • Scope
    • Accelerometer
    • Compass
    • Microphone

What

Who

Commercialization

Outreach

  • Hristo Bojinov; Smartphone Fingerprinting: By Their Sensors You Will Recognize Them; 2013 Security Workshop; 2013-04-15; a 30 min presentation.
  • Hristo Bojinov, Publications
  • Hristo Bojinov, Dan Boneh; Mobile Token-Based Authentication on a Budget; In Proceedings of HOTMOBILE; 2011; 6 pages; slides
    Abstract
    We propose a light-weight, cheap authentication device for unlocking a user’s smartphone. The device can be carried on a key chain and automatically unlocks the smartphone whenever its owner wants to use it. Our goal is to build a device that works with existing smartphones, requires no recharging or maintenance, and is always available. We propose two approaches: one based on magnetic fields detected by the smartphone’s compass and the other based on an acoustic transmitter that generates a signal picked up by the handset’s microphone. We experiment with both approaches and report on their effectiveness. These devices may find applications beyond smartphones, such as unlocking laptops, cars, and homes. These designs show that contactless authentication can offer a convenient and secure alternative to PIN-based unlocking.

Promotions

In archaeological order, the derivatives and copy+paste-for-the-pageviews on top, the original reporting lower down.

Via: backfill, backfill

Related

Cited in the promotional articles for color, depth and verisimilitude.

Growth Hacking

So, um, what is it?  Sounds buzzy.

tl;dr

  • Definitions:
    • Demand generation marketing.
    • Ad copy writing.
    • Ad campaigning.
    • Buzz generation.
    • Affiliate marketing.
  • Exemplars
    • How to get users.
    • How to write a perfect Craigslist posting.
    • How to post on Airbnb.
    • How to use unique email & domain names to track email campaigns.
    • How to use 1×1 transparent gif media to track & retarget users.
  • It’s cool to be “a startup” and to be “a hacker,” and “sustainable” is neato as well;
    here the marketers adopt the mantle to ply the craft.
  • This is one of those slippery concepts of subtle suchness that only the most refined thinkers (the originators) can define it, utter its premises in correct & true form.

Who

(alphabetical order)

To wit:

Venues

Promotions & Popularlizations

(archaeological order)

  • Brad Nickel; Does Growth Hacking Require Cheating?; In ClickBrain; 2013-06-28.
    Mentions

    • Attributes of Growth Hacking
      • is a movement
      • is like marketing, but
        • different
        • better
        • modern
    • Aaron Ginn
      • is the guruproponent
      • he sells seminars against the concept.
    • <quote>growth hacker (noun) – one who’s passion and focus is pushing a metric through use of a testable and scalable methodology. – Aaron Ginn</quote>
    • <quote>growth hacker (noun) – one who’s passion and focus is pushing a metric through use of a testable and scalable methodology. – Aaron Ginn
      Growth hacking appeared as the modern way in the age of Web 2.0 to reach a market and distribute an idea. Instead of classic marketing which typically interrupts your day, a growth hacker uses “pull”; he or she understands user behavior provides value immediately to persuade. A growth hacker wraps messaging into the fabric of the lives and thoughts of users. A growth hacker will leverage across disciplines, pulling in insights from behavioral economics and gamification, to find the right message to pull in users.</quote>
  • Gagan Biyani; Explained: The actual difference between growth hacking and marketing; In The Next Web (TNW); 2013-05-05.
    Mentions

    • Viral Acquisition
    • Paid Acquisition
    • (paid, owned, earned)
    • Call Centers
    • Sales Teams
    • Content Marketing
    • E-Mail Marketing
    • Search Engine Optimization (SEO)
    • A/B Testing
    • Analytics
  • Sean Ellis (Qualaroo); Are Marketers Now Required to be Engineers Too?; In Startup Marketing; 2013-01-11.
  • Sean Ellis (Qualaroo); The Risks of Growth Hacking and How to Build Authentic Sustainable Growth; In Startup Marketing; 2012-10-05.
    Mentions: References Chen’s 2012-04 blog post; reacquires the concept as “his”
  • Sean Ellis (Startup Marketing); Stacking the Odds for Authentic Growth; at Startup Marketing; 2012-10-03; 17 slides embedded.
  • Andrew Chen; Growth Hacker is the New VP Of Marketing; In His Blog; 2012-04-27.
    Mentions

    • References Ellis’ 2010 Startup Marketing piece as paradigmatic & definitional.
  • Sean Ellis (Qualaroo); Find a Growth Hacker for Your Startup; In Startup Marketing; 2010-07-26.