Web of Things (WoT), Archivecture, Thing Description, Scripting API | W3C

Documents

Web of Things (WoT) Architecture, 2017-09-14.

Summary
  1. WoT Thing Description
  2. WoT Scripting API
  3. WoT Binding Templates.

Web of Things (WoT) Thing Description, 2017-09-14.

Summary

Describes the metadata and interfaces of Things.

Web of Things (WoT) Scripting API, 2017-09-14.

Summary

Operates on Things characterized by Properties, Actions and Events.

Abstracts

Web of Things (WoT) Architecture

Abstract

The W3C Web of Things (WoT) is intended to enable interoperability across IoT Platforms and application domains. Primarily, it provides mechanisms to formally describe IoT interfaces to allow IoT devices and services to communicate with each other, independent of their underlying implementation, and across multiple networking protocols. Secondarily, it provides a standardized way to define and program IoT behavior.

This document describes the abstract architecture for the W3C Web of Things. It is derived from a set of use cases and can be mapped onto a variety of concrete deployment scenarios, several examples of which are given. This document is focused on the standardization scope of W3C WoT, which consists of three initial building blocks that are briefly introduced and their interplay explained.

The WoT Thing Description (TD) provides a formal mechanism to describe the network interface provided by IoT devices and services, independent of their implementation. Provision of a TD is the primary requirement for a device to participate in the Web of Things. In fact, defining a Thing Description for an existing device allows that device to participate in the Web of Things without having to make any modifications to the device itself. WoT Binding Templates define how a WoT device communicates using a concrete protocol. The WoT Scripting API—whose use is not mandatory—provides a convenient mechanism to discover, consume, and expose Things based on the WoT Thing Description.

Other non-normative architectural blocks and conditions underlying the Web of Things are also described in the context of deployment scenarios. In particular, recommendations for security and privacy are included, while the goal is to preserve and support existing device mechanisms and properties. In general, W3C WoT is designed to describe what exists rather than to prescribe what to implement.

Web of Things (WoT) Thing Description

Abstract

This document describes a formal model and common representation for a Web of Things (WoT) Thing Description. A Thing Description describes the metadata and interfaces of Things, where a Thing is an abstraction of a physical entity that provides interactions to and participates in the Web of Things. Thing Descriptions provide a narrow-waist set of interactions based on a small vocabulary that makes it possible both to integrate diverse devices and to allow diverse applications to interoperate. Thing Descriptions, by default, are encoded in JSON-LD. JSON-LD provides both a powerful foundation to represent knowledge about Things and simplicity, since it allows processing as a JSON document. In addition to physical entities, Things can also represent virtual entities. A Thing Description instance can be hosted by the Thing itself or hosted externally due to Thing’s resource restrictions (e.g. limited memory space) or when a Web of Things-compatible legacy device is retrofitted with a Thing Description.

Web of Things (WoT) Scripting API

Abstract

The Web of Things (WoT) provides layered interoperability between Things by using the WoT Interfaces.

This specification describes a programming interface representing the WoT Interface that allows scripts run on a Thing to discover and consume (retrieve) other Things and to expose Things characterized by properties, Actions and Events.

Scripting is an optional “convenience” building block in WoT and it is typically used in gateways that are able to run a WoT Runtime and script management, providing a convenient way to extend WoT support to new types of endpoints and implement WoT applications like Thing Directory.

Mentions

  • JSON-LD

Argot

The Suitcase Words
  • W3C Web of Things (WoT)
  • IoT Platforms
  • interfaces
  • devices
  • services
  • implementation
  • multiple networking protocols
  • standardized
  • behavior
  • abstract architecture
  • use cases
  • mapped
  • scenarios,
    deployment scenarios,
    concrete deployment scenarios
  • standardization scope
  • WoT Thing Description (TD),
    Thing Description (TD)
  • formal mechanism
  • network interface
  • independent of implementation
  • participate
  • WoT Binding Templates,
    Binding Templates. [no acronym]
  • WoT Scripting API,
    Scripting API.
  • blocks,
    blocks and conditions,
    architectural blocks and conditions,
    non-normative architectural blocks and conditions.
  • scenarios,
    deployment scenarios,
    the context of deployment scenarios,
    in the context of deployment scenarios.
  • Web of Things (WoT)
  • Thing Description
  • narrow-waist
    a narrow-waist set,
    a narrow-waist set of interactions,
    a narrow-waist set of interactions based on a small vocabulary,
    a narrow-waist set of interactions based on a small vocabulary that makes it possible both,
    a narrow-waist set of interactions based on a small vocabulary that makes it possible both to integrate diverse devices and to allow diverse applications to interoperate.
  • JSON-LD
  • foundation … knowledge
  • a Web of Things-compatible legacy device
  • layered interoperability
  • Things
  • WoT Interface
  • Actions
  • Events
  • gateways
  • WoT Runtime
  • script management
  • endpoints
  • Thing Directory

Previously filled.

A Product Management Framework for the Internet of Things | Daniel Elizalde

; A Product Management Framework for the Internet of Things; ; In His Blog; 2016 (circa, per copyright) .

Mentions

The 5×7 matrix of Technology (Stack layer) × Concern

Frameworks

Technology Stack

  1. Device Hardware
  2. Device Software
  3. Communications
  4. Cloud Platform
  5. Cloud Application

Decision Framework

  • UX
  • Data
  • Business
  • Technology
  • Security
  • Standards
  • Regulations

Theories

  • Gap Analysis
  • Lean
  • N-somethning P-something I-something (NPI)
    New Product Introduction (NPI)

Claims

  • All steps are order-dependent.
  • The process must be done “just right” or it won’t work.
  • Rinse, repeat.

Actualities

Previously

In His Blog

BUS 145 — Product Management for the Internet of Things

BUS 145 — Product Management for the Internet of Things

Instructor: Daniel Elizalde

Syllabus

Daniel Elizalde, Founder, TechProductManagement

Daniel Elizalde trains product managers to become successful at managing IoT products through his IoT Decision Framework. He has over fifteen years of experience managing the lifecycle of IoT products. He regularly speaks at conferences and publishes the IoT product management blog TechProductManagement.

From the Survey

Greatest Challenge

Longevity and continuity concepts in product design and business model operation for consumer IoT operation. By way of perspective, my home is 60 years old.  My truck is fifteen years old.  All of them still “work.”  However, in the time span that I have owned the house, I have installed and a whole generation of television technology (the cutover to HDTV and encrypted digital cable from terrestrial broadcast analog signal transmission) and I have installed and remaindered two separate generations of analog and hybrid copper telecom infrastructure.  Today I use a 2nd generation of VoIP (whereas AT&T committed to and abandoned their VoiP business line [CallVantage]).  The challenge for IoT is how to provide significant lifespan to the technologies underpinning the services being offered.  Product lifetimes are short, frequently being circumscribed to a single build plan or kickstarter initiative at all.  More frequently now one sees abandonment of whole products and even lines of business in toto within a single fiscal year; c.f. Intel’s recent repudiation of their IoT product lines.  By the time the class starts, the IoT SBC line, Edison, Curie, etc., will be in final-order EOL status.

What to Learn
The learning would be around business model development under ephemeral technology constraints and the tie-in to product design. One is very cognizant of the “How to Survive on a Diet of Poisoned Fruit” thinking.  My trade is in and around online entertainment experiences. These are today are primarily driven from the WinTel platform, but moving onto Apple/Google. They are funded by advertising. The business model for the experiences is oriented around aggregation of “eyeballs”  Success is measured in “unique user counts” or “gross rating points” or “daily active users.”  Monetization (how the money happens) occurs through the introduction of gently intrusive messaging (advertising) wherein sponsors insert reminders of their call to action within the media being created. Whereas “data is the new oil”, the great martech and adtech machinery amplifies the efficacy of the media delivery by allowing audience-based buying and selling of the media.  The current form of the media is “pages” or short-form linear media (video snippets).  None of this makes any sense for an IoT world.  It is unclear how IoT will fund itself.  Consumers will simply not put up with advertising prior to turning on their thermostats or prior to commanding their oven to ignite.  And having a $35-$100/month bill for a “connected light bulb fleet” doesn’t make any sense at all.  We already do this for cell phones and telecom value-added services. Of course one can comprehend that budget-heavy enterprise solutions for predictive maintenance amortization will be useful, that too does not make sense in a consumer or household type setting.

A Comprehensive Look at Low Power, Wide Area Networks (LPWAN) | LinkLabs

A Comprehensive Look at Low Power, Wide Area Networks (LPWAN); a whitepaper; LinkLabs; 2017?; 16 pages (2 of content)
Teaser: For ‘Internet of Things’ Engineers and Decision Makers Important People Like You

Promotion

Mentions

  • Low Power, Wide Area Network (LPWAN)
  • Internet of things (IoT)
  • Machine to Machine (M2M)
  • Topologies
    • Mesh
    • Star
  • Energy per symbol
    • Shannon-Hartley Theorem
    • Information Theory
  • Regulations
    • FCC Part 15 (requrement)
    • ETSI (rules)
  • Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR)
  • Radio Frequency (RF)
  • Code Division Multiplexing (CDMA)
  • Chirp Spread Sprectum (CSS)
  • Frequency Shift Keying (FSK)
  • LoRaWAN
  • Groupe Speciale Mobile Association (GSMA)
  • Adaptive Data Rate
  • IoT Platform sector
  • Cellular IoT (CIoT) LPWAN.
  • Forking 4G with LTE-M.
  • LoRa, LoRaWAN
  • “clobbered,” a technical term.
  • Band
    • Europe (868 MHz)
      U.S. (915 MHz)
  • MAC
  • SATCOM
  • MTU
  • Ultra Narrowband (UNB) Radio
  • Random Phase Multiple Access (RPMA)
  • BPSK
Definition
  • long range
    10km
  • low power
    Aspirationally: half-a-generation, a decade, ten years.
  • low data rate
    metaphorical inverse of “blazing-fast”

Folklore

  • ZigBee has “trouble” in the 20-30m range; unusable beyond 30m.
  • Star topology is best.
  • LPWAN operate at 140-160 decibels (dB) of total path.
  • Receiver sensitivity
    • LPWAN  is more than -130 dBm
    • [some] other wireless is within -90 to -110 dBm.
  • The 915 MHz band is available only in ⅓ of the world.
    Therefore LPWAN is “not ready”
    There is no globally available band for LPWAN technologies like there is at the 2.4 GHz level (for Bluetooth and WiFi).

Standards

  • 802.11 of IEEE
    • 802.11ac
    • 802.11ad
    • 802.11n
    • 802.11a
    • 802.11g
    • 802.11b
  • 802.15 of IEEE
    • 802.15.4 ZigBee
    • 802.15.4 WPAN
    • 802.15.4k Nwave, Random Phase Multiple Access (RPMA)
    • 802.15.5 WBAN
  • The ‘G of The Telecom Sphere
    • 2G
    • 3G
    • 4G
    • 5G
    • you guessed it … “6G”
  • Bluetooth
    • Bluetooth (Classic)
    • Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)
  • and
    • RFID
    • NFC

Products

  • Sigfox

    • What Is Sigfox
    • Proprietary
    • Concept
      12-byte packets, 300 baud, BPSK
      message repetition.
      15 byte messages, 10 messages/day up, 4 acknowledgements/day (down).
    • Something about: 2015, protocol upgrade, guaranteed message acknowledgment for up to four messages per day.
    • Scheme
      BPSK, 868 MHz,,915 MHz
  • Nwave
    • Proprietary
      • Capabilites unknown
      • Unpublished, undocumented
    • Scheme
      Ultra Narrowband (UNB) radio, sub-1 GHz ISM bands.
  • Ingenu
    • Proprietary
    • Founder, IEEE 802.15.4k task group
    • Something about: has a MAC concept.
    • Scheme
      Random Phase Multiple Access (RPMA); 2.4GHz
  • Weightless
    • Weightless Special Interests Group (SIG)
      unknown, unproven specifications & capabilities.
    • Concept
      10 year battery life
      2-way communication
    • Three sub-standards.
      • Weightless-W
    • Scheme
      sub-1GHz, unlicensed; in “unused TV spectrum”
  • LoRaWAN
    • LoRa Alliance
      • Specification, request
      • Intellectual Property
        • Semtech
        • with
          • IBM Research
          • Actility.
    • Concept
      Like Sigfox, but different
    • Dependencies
      • Any “code” must b be run off-box “in the cloud.”
      • Requires a “cloud vendor.”
      • Thus, heavy monthly fees for the compute.
        How much would you pay to have “smart light bulb?”
        With a monthly “subscription” and bill presentment?
    • Vendors
      • none
      • Aspiration
        • STMicroelectronics

Referenced

Actualities

Link Labs, 130 Holiday Court, Suite 100, Annapolis, MD 21401,

LinkLabs
130 Holiday Court, Suite 100
Annapolis, MD 21401,
http://www.nwave.io/

Previously filled.

tinyLiDAR | The Maker-Friendly Laser Sensor

tinyLiDAR: The Maker-Friendly Laser Sensor; At IndieGoGo; campaign through 2017-08-13.
A Higher Performance, Arduino Compatible Time-of-Flight Sensor with Dedicated Micro

Mentions

Specifications

Distance measurements from 30 mm → 2000 mm.

Pricing

1x board → $15
3x boards →$39 + $5 SHT

Delivery

2017-10(ish)

Deadline

2017-08-13

References

  • VL53L0X, ST Microelectronics
  • Pololu VL53L0X/ Library

Promotions

Actualities

Omega2 by Onion

Availability

variously …

Documentation


Omega2 Project Book

MediaTek

Imagination

Promotions

PubNub

Mentions

  • PubNub
  • CrunchBase
  • Recent press
    • Twitter integration
    • HARMAN (audio)
  • pubnub, on GitHub
  • BLOCKS, a product (SaaS)
  • PubNub Data Stream Network, a product (SaaS)

Observation

  • PubNub powers the Logitech Harmony remote system
  • The remote (handset?) communicates
    • with PubNub services
    • on Amazon AWS
    • via HTTP
    • every five minutes (!!!).
  • Logitech Powers Smart Home Hub, Remote Control and App Using PubNub; a promotion, a case study; in Their Blog; WHEN?
    Mentioned

    • Harmony Hub
    • PubNub Data Streams
    • William Chien, Director of Product Management at Logitech.

Who

Previously

Actualities

There are now 229 unicorn startups, with $175B in funding and $1.3T valuation | VentureBeat


There are now 229 unicorn startups, with $175B in funding and $1.3T valuation; ; In VentureBeat; 2016-01-18.

tl;dr → VentureBeat has expertise in market research compendia; the promoted pamphlet exhibits such; landinghires.



Listings

Categorized

As organized in the infographic.

Enterprise

  • Applications
    • Customer Relationship Management (CRM)
      • Apttus
      • InsideSales.com
      • Medallia
      • Zeta Interactive
    • Finance & Accounting
      • Coupa
      • Xero
      • Zuora
    • Human Resource Management (HR)
      • Gusto
      • Workday
      • Zenefits
    • Marketing & eCommerce
      • AdKnowledge
      • AppNexus
      • Blippar
      • Deem
      • Hootsuite
      • InMobi
      • IronSource
      • Marketo
      • MediaMath
      • Qualtrics
      • Shopify
      • Sprinklr
      • Surveymonkey
  • Infrastructure
    • Analytics (Big Data & Business Intelligence)
      • Cloudera
      • Domo
      • Hortonworks
      • MarkLogic
      • MongoDB
      • Mu Sigma
      • MuleSoft
      • New Relic
      • Palantir
    • Cloud
      • Actiflo
      • AppDirect
      • AppDynamics
      • CloudFlare
      • Docker
      • Nutanix
      • Simplivity
    • Content Management & Collaboration
      • Atlassian Software Systems
      • Automattic
      • Box
      • DocuSign
      • Dropbox
      • Evernote
      • GitHub
      • Slack
      • Yammer
    • Mobile
      • Good Technology
      • Meitu, Inc.
      • Wandoujia
      • Yello Mobile
    • Networking
      • Cisco Meraki
      • Nicra
      • Twilio
    • Security
      • AVAST Software as.
      • Avant
      • Illumio
      • Lookout
      • Okta
      • Palo Alto Networks
      • Tanium
      • Zscaler
    • Storage
      • Fusion-io
      • Infinidat
      • Nimble Storage
      • Pure Storage
      • Tintri

Industries

  • Cleantech
    • Betterplace
    • Bloom Energy
    • Sapphire Energy
    • Sunrun
  • Fintech
    • Insurance
      • ZhongAn
    • Investment
      • Credit Karma
      • Hanhua Financial
    • Lending
      • China Rapid Finance
      • Funding Circle
      • Jimubox
      • Kabbage
      • Lending Club
      • Lufax
      • Prosper
      • SoFi
      • TransferWise
    • Payments
      • Adyen
      • Klarna
      • Mozido
      • Powa
      • Square
      • Stripe
  • Healthcare & BioTech
    • Intarcia Therapeutics
    • Moderna Therapeutics
    • NantHealth
    • Oscar
    • Proteus Digital Health
    • Stemcentrx
    • Theranos
    • ZocDoc
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
    • Dji
    • Fitbit
    • Jasper Technologies
    • Jawbone
    • Mobileye
    • Nest
  • Other
    • AUTO1
    • Fisker Automotive
    • Njoy
    • Sogou
    • SpaceX
    • WiFi Master Key

Consumer

  • Online Media
    • AVITO.ru
    • BuzzFeed
    • Panshi
    • Rocket Internet
    • Taboola
    • Vox Media
  • Electronics (Consumer Electronics)
    • GoPro
    • Magic Leap
    • Meizu
    • Oculus VR
    • Xiaomi
  • Games & Entertainment
    • FanDuel
    • Kabam
    • Legenary Pictures
    • Machine Zone
    • Razer
    • Vice Media
    • Zynga
  • Retail
    • Coupons, Bargains. Loyalty
      • Coupang
      • Fanil
      • Groupon
      • LaShou
      • LivingSocial
      • Meituan
      • Quotient Technology
    • Home Furnishing
      • Fab.com
      • Houzz
      • Home24
      • Wayfair
    • Marketplaces
      • Alibaba
      • Auction.com
      • Etsy
      • JD.com
      • Snapdeal
      • 58 Daojia
    • Shopping
      • Mobile Shopping
        • Koudai Gouwu
        • One97 Communications
      • Non-Mobile (Laptop/Officework/Desktop) Shopping
        • BelBel
        • Dianping
        • Fanatics
        • Farfetch
        • Flipkart
        • Gilt Groupe Incorporated
        • Global Fashion Group
        • JustFab
        • Lazada
        • Mogujie
        • NONAME LOGO (magenta/purple, with a ‘J’)
        • Trendy International Group
        • VANCL
        • Wish
        • Zalando
        • Zulily
    • Wellness
      • Honest Company
      • Warby Parker
  • Services (Services to Consumers)
    • Audio
      • Beats Electronics
      • Shazam
      • Spotify
    • Education
      • Lynda.com
      • Pluralsight
      • Renaissance Learning
      • Udacity
    • Messaging
      • Kik
      • Tango
      • WhatsApp (of Facebook)
    • Sharing (The Sharing Economy)
      • Airbnb
      • BlaBlaCar
      • Blue Apron
      • Delivery Hero
      • Didi Chuxing
      • Ele.me
      • GrabTaxi
      • HelloFresh
      • HomeAway
      • Instacart
      • Kuaidi Dache
      • Lwjw
      • Lyft
      • Ola
      • Quickr
      • Thumbtack
      • Tujla
      • Uber
      • Wework
      • Yidao Yongche
      • YouTube
    • Social (Networking)
      • Instagram (of Facebook)
      • Facebook
      • Lamabang
      • LinkedIn
      • Nextdoor
      • Pinterest
      • Snapchat
      • Tumblr (of Yahoo)
      • Twitter
    • Other
      • Eventbrite
      • Waze (of Google)

Alphabetical

  • 58 Daojia
  • AUTO1
  • AVAST Software as.
  • AVITO.ru
  • Actiflo
  • AdKnowledge
  • Adyen
  • Airbnb
  • Alibaba
  • AppDirect
  • AppDynamics
  • AppNexus
  • Apttus
  • Atlassian Software Systems
  • Auction.com
  • Automattic
  • Avant
  • Beats Electronics
  • BelBel
  • Betterplace
  • BlaBlaCar
  • Blippar
  • Bloom Energy
  • Blue Apron
  • Box
  • BuzzFeed
  • China Rapid Finance
  • Cisco Meraki
  • CloudFlare
  • Cloudera
  • Coupa
  • Coupang
  • Credit Karma
  • Deem
  • Delivery Hero
  • Dianping
  • Didi Chuxing
  • Dji
  • Docker
  • DocuSign
  • Domo
  • Dropbox
  • Ele.me
  • Etsy
  • Eventbrite
  • Evernote
  • Fab.com
  • Facebook
  • FanDuel
  • Fanatics
  • Fanil
  • Farfetch
  • Fisker Automotive
  • Fitbit
  • Flipkart
  • Funding Circle
  • Fusion-io
  • Gilt Groupe Incorporated
  • GitHub
  • Global Fashion Group
  • GoPro
  • Good Technology
  • GrabTaxi
  • Groupon
  • Gusto
  • Hanhua Financial
  • HelloFresh
  • Home24
  • HomeAway
  • Honest Company
  • Hootsuite
  • Hortonworks
  • Houzz
  • Illumio
  • InMobi
  • Infinidat
  • InsideSales.com
  • Instacart
  • Instagram (of Facebook)
  • Intarcia Therapeutics
  • IronSource
  • JD.com
  • Jasper Technologies
  • Jawbone
  • Jimubox
  • JustFab
  • Kabam
  • Kabbage
  • Kik
  • Klarna
  • Koudai Gouwu
  • Kuaidi Dache
  • LaShou
  • Lamabang
  • Lazada
  • Legenary Pictures
  • Lending Club
  • LinkedIn
  • LivingSocial
  • Lookout
  • Lufax
  • Lwjw
  • Lyft
  • Lynda.com
  • Machine Zone
  • Magic Leap
  • MarkLogic
  • Marketo
  • Medallia
  • MediaMath
  • Meitu, Inc.
  • Meituan
  • Meizu
  • Mobileye
  • Moderna Therapeutics
  • Mogujie
  • MongoDB
  • Mozido
  • Mu Sigma
  • MuleSoft
  • NONAME LOGO (magenta/purple, with a ‘J’)
  • NantHealth
  • Nest
  • New Relic
  • Nextdoor
  • Nicra
  • Nimble Storage
  • Njoy
  • Nutanix
  • Oculus VR
  • Okta
  • Ola
  • One97 Communications
  • Oscar
  • Palantir
  • Palo Alto Networks
  • Panshi
  • Pinterest
  • Pluralsight
  • Powa
  • Prosper
  • Proteus Digital Health
  • Pure Storage
  • Qualtrics
  • Quickr
  • Quotient Technology
  • Razer
  • Renaissance Learning
  • Rocket Internet
  • Sapphire Energy
  • Shazam
  • Shopify
  • Simplivity
  • Slack
  • Snapchat
  • Snapdeal
  • SoFi
  • Sogou
  • SpaceX
  • Spotify
  • Sprinklr
  • Square
  • Stemcentrx
  • Stripe
  • Sunrun
  • Surveymonkey
  • Taboola
  • Tango
  • Tanium
  • Theranos
  • Thumbtack
  • Tintri
  • TransferWise
  • Trendy International Group
  • Tujla
  • Tumblr (of Yahoo)
  • Twilio
  • Twitter
  • Uber
  • Udacity
  • VANCL
  • Vice Media
  • Vox Media
  • Wandoujia
  • Warby Parker
  • Wayfair
  • Waze (of Google)
  • Wework
  • WhatsApp (of Facebook)
  • WiFi Master Key
  • Wish
  • Workday
  • Xero
  • Xiaomi
  • Yammer
  • Yello Mobile
  • Yidao Yongche
  • YouTube (of Google)
  • Zalando
  • Zenefits
  • Zeta Interactive
  • ZhongAn
  • ZocDoc
  • Zscaler
  • Zulily
  • Zuora
  • Zynga

Philips Closes Down the Hue IoT Ecosystem – No More 3rd Party Hardware

Recommendation:

Avoid

Friends of Hue – Update; Hue Developer Program, Philips.

<quote>As part of this program, last week, we started deployment of the 1.11 software for both versions of the Philips Hue bridge (version 01029624). Alongside big feature updates to our group and scene APIs (which you can read about here <snip/>) we introduced a change which stops untested products being able to join the Philips Hue bridge.</quote>

Does Philips block bulbs of other manufacturers since the latest firmware update?; Hue Developer Program, Philips.
Mentions

Promotions

In archaeological order, derivatives on top, more original opinements below.

Vendors

Blocked: at least

  • Cree
  • General Electric (GE)
  • Osram

Products

Lockin: at least

  • Bloom
  • Friends of Hue
  • Hue
  • LightStrips

Previously

Via: backfill.

Actualities

Thread Group

 

Mentions

  • Something about security
    • AES
    • always
    • required
  • Yet another standards body
    • Governance unclear
    • IP policy unclear
    • Closed (members only)
    • Sphere: Google-axis (contra Apple-axis HomeKit, etc.)
  • Tech Stack
    • Covers
      • UDP
      • IP Routing
      • 6LoWPAN (IPv6)
    • Below
      • IEEE 802.15.4 MAC
      • IEEE 802.15.4 PHY
  • Recent
    • Ubiant
    • Thread and ZigBee have made nice with each other.
      ZigBee Cluster Library over Thread, members only.

Alternates

The wonderful thing about standards is …

  • AllSeen Alliance
  • ARM
    mbed operating system mbedmicro/mbed, the mbed Enabled logo program
  • Bluetooth SIG
  • HomeKit of Apple
    MFi licensees only
  • Open Interconnect Consortium
  • ZigBee Alliance
    ZigBee licensees only

Who

Role Who Day Job
President Chris Boross Nest Labs
Vice President of Marketing Sujata Neidig Freescale
Vice President of Technology Skip Ashton Silicon Labs
Secretary Bill Curtis ARM
Treasurer Kevin Kraus Yale Security
Director Landon Borders Big Ass Fans
Director Benny Getz Samsung Electronics

Members

  • Initial
    • ARM
    • Big Ass Fans
    • Freescale Semiconductor
    • Nest of Google
    • Samsung
    • Silicon Labs
    • Yale Security
  • More
    • Thread Group Membership Grows To More Than 50 Companies; press release; Thread Group; 2014-12-16.
      Mentioned

      • UL to Run Independent Certification Lab for Products Using Thread Networking Protocol
      • Granite River Labs will perform the testing.
    • ATMEL, California Eastern Laboratories, Inc., CamPoint, Energizer Holdings, Inc., GainSpan Corporation, Granite River Labs, Grid Connect, Imagination Technologies, Insteon, Intellihot Green Technologies Inc., iOT Tech, Jasco, Keen Home, Kwikset, leakSMART, Linx Technologies, LUX Technology Group, Marvell Technology Group Ltd., Midea Group, Nanoleaf, NET2GRID, Pacific Gas & Electric Company, Proximetry, Inc., SALTO SYSTEMS, Sansa Security, Shenzhen Rakwireless Technology Co., Ltd, Skyley Networks, Inc., Stack Lighting, Telegesis, TÜV Rheinland Group, Tyco, UL, Whirlpool Corporation, WigWag Inc, ZONEFIRST

Output

  • Only available to members
    • Specifications => no (not yet)
    • Reference Designs => no
  • <quote cite=”ref“>The ZigBee-over-Thread spec will be available as a free download. Thread releases its specs royalty-free to members; the ZigBee Alliance allows members to charge reasonable royalties although in practice royalties are not generally asserted.</quote>

Introduction; Thread Group; 2014-07-15; 9 slides.

Downloads => videos

Actualities

Via: backfill

Building for a World of Beacons | dot3

Building for a World of Beacons; ; dot3; 2014-04-07; 56 slides.
is CEO, dot-3 (and Locolo and Beekn)

Mentions

  • dot-3 is a platform, Toronto CA
  • Beekn
  • Buzzz
    • iBeacon 101: The gateway drug for the Internet of Everything (IoT)
  • Propositional Reasoning
    • All iBeacons are BLE beacons.
    • All BLE beacons are beacons.
    • Not all beacons are BLE.
    • Not all BLE are beacons.
  • Bluetooth SMART
    • PXP => Proximity Profile => v1.0
    • iBeacon => Apple Proprietery
      • Trademark
      • Non-paired specification
      • Advertising interval
    • NO OFFERING => Android/Google/Samsung [Google/Motorola tech stack is gone]
  • Hardware
    • Slide 24 onward
  • Myths [not?] Exploded!
    <quote>

    • I need to send someone around to LOAD CONTENT onto my beacons
    • Beacons TRACK PEOPLE and are really just surveillance devices [uh ... this seems not a myth, but prima facie true; c.f. the Retail Case Study]
    • Beacons TRIANGULATE location.
    • No one ever turns BLUETOOTH ON.
    • No one will want to be SPAMMED with all these messages they’ll get.</quote>
  • Case Studies
    • Retail
    • Loyalty
    • Couponing
    • Other
      • Light Bulb
      • Bacon
      • Land Mines (context: United Nations & battlefield cleanup, not war making).

Promotions

Actualities

An Introduction to Beacons: See the world in a whole new way with Bluetooth LE | Locolo, Beekn

An Introduction to Beacons: See the world in a whole new way with Bluetooth LE; (Locolo, Beekn); 2013-11-27; 46 slides.
is CEO, Locolo

Mentions

  • Locolo, a UX creative boutique
  • Beekn, a blog
  • Capabilities
    • Low battery
    • Always on
    • sub-meter proximity accuracy
    • proximity inside buildings (where GPS won’t work).
    • triangulate to get location
  • Buzzzz
    • Context Matters
    • There is No Offline
    • Be the Beacontm
  • Case Study
  • Retail
  • Macy’s
    • Door greeters
    • Loyalty
    • Payment
    • Upsell

Mentioned

 Promotions

SmartThings?

SmartThings?

Not Ready.

Architecture & Capability

  • <quote>The current version of the SmartThings Hub requires a persistent Internet connection in order to communicate…</quote>
  • The control channel for your home goes through their servers.
    • Which are located where?
    • How could that go wrong?
  • You need an account.
    • There are substantial conditions of use.
    • There may be fees now or then.
    • Accounts can be terminated (for any reason and for no reason).
  • Behaviors of your home are governed by their

Still Searching

Looking for something that behaves like the wiring in my house today.

  • I own it.
  • I operate it.
  • I control it.
  • No overlaid Terms of Service.  This is my house.
  • Information about it’s use doesn’t leave property that I own and control.
  • Control about it’s use doesn’t leave property that I own and control.

Internet of Things – Privacy and Security in a Connected World | FTC

Internet of Things – Privacy and Security in a Connected World (IoT); Federal Trade Commission (FTC); 2013-11-19.

Promotions

Via: backfill

Mentioned

National Science Foundation

Keith Marzulo

Collateral, slides 1121

  • Precious Nomenclature
    • Ubiquitous Computing
    • Pervasive Computing
    • Distributed Sensor Networks
    • Internet of Things
    • Cyber-Physical Systems
  • NSF CPS Program
  • Paul Ford, Some Opinement; Hemispheres; 2013-11; pages 66-68.
  • Highlighted Programs
    • Networked Embedded Sensor-Rich Systems (ActionWebs)
      • Claire Tomlin, Edward Lee, S. Shankar Sastry, David
        Culler (Berkeley)
      • Hamsa Balakrishnan (MIT)
    • Foundations Of Resilient Cyber-physical Systems (FORCES)
      • who?
    • Advanced Transportation Systems
      • Raj Rajkumar, Ed Clarke, John Dolan, Sicuan Gao, Paul
        Ribski, David Wettergreen, Paolo Zuliana (CMU)
    • Environment Monitoring (Intelligent River)
    • Semantic Security Monitoring for Industrial Control Systems (ICS)
      • Robin Sommer (Berkeley)
      • Adam Slagell & Ravishankar Iyer (Illinois)
    • Reprogramming a Pacemaker
      • Kevin Fu (Mass-Amherst; Michigan)
    • Reprogramming Automobiles
      • Tadayoshi Kohno & Shwetak Patel (U Washington)
      • Stefan Savage & Ingolf Krueger (UCSD)
    • Security and Privacy in Vehicular Cyber-Physical Systems
      • Hari Balakrishnan, Samuel Madden, Daniela Rus (MIT)
    • Secure Telerobotics
      • Howard Jay Chizeck & Tadayoshi Kohno (Washington)

Microsoft

M.H. Carolyn Nguyen
Director, Technology Policy Group, Microsoft

Collateral, slides 22-39

Panel 1: The Smart Home

  • Michael Beyerle, GE Appliances
  • Jeff Hagins, SmartThings
  • Craig Heffner, Tactical Network Solutions
  • Eric Lightner, Department of Energy
  • Lee Tien, Electronic Frontier Foundation

Collateral, slides 40-57

  • Connected Platform
    • ACM controller to appliances
    • GEA server (cloud controlled)
    • iOS & Android apps
  • SmartThings
  • Smart home
  • SmartSense Product Line: Multi, Presence,Hub, Motion, Outlet

An Internet of Things

Vint Cerf
Slides 58-72

Collateral

  • Gee Whiz, my how far we’ve come, what a long strange trip it’s been
  • Smart Cities
  • Self-Driving Cars
  • Implications, Challenges & Opportunities

Panel 2: Connected Health & Fitness

Moderator: Commissioner Maureen Ohlhausen

  • Stan Crosley, Indiana University
  • Joseph Lorenzo Hall, Center for Democracy & Technology
  • Anand Iyer, WellDoc Communications
  • Scott Peppet, University of Colorado School of Law
  • Jay Radcliffe, InGuardians

Collateral, slides 73-75

  • Insulin Pump
  • BlueStar

Panel 3: Connected Cars

  • Yoshi Kohno, University of Washington
  • John Nielsen, American Automobile Association
  • Wayne Powell, Toyota Technical Center
  • Christopher Wolf, Future of Privacy Forum

Collateral

  • none

Panel 4: Privacy and Security in a Connected World

  • Ryan Calo, University of Washington Law School
  • Dan Caprio, McKenna Long & Aldridge LLP
  • Michelle Chibba, Office of Information & Privacy Commissioner of Ontario
  • Drew Hickerson, Happtique
  • David Jacobs, Electronic Privacy Information Center
  • Marc Rodgers, Lookout Security

Collateral, slides 79-85

  • Four Scenarios (user stories)

Collateral

ⓣ the thing system

The Thing System

Mentions

  • Magic, a philosophy and the name of the expert system(s) in the stack
  • The Thing Architecture
  • Node.js, the runtime system
  • Steward, the client
  • Node Rendezvous
  • Simple Thing Protocol
    • for smart devices
  • Simple Thing Reporting Protocol
    • for smart sensors (which are dumb devices?)

Hardware

  • Raspberry Pi
  • Beagle Bone Black
  • Arduino
  • HTML5
  • WebSocket
    • wss://
    • wss://

Related

  • Electric Imp
  • Yoctopuce
  • IFTTT

Actualities

Architecture Diagram

Via: backfill

Message Queuing Telemetry Transport (MQTT)

Basics

Overview

  • Like Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), but different
  • Still uses TCP/IP
    • not UDP
    • not a separable protocol (/etc/protocols)
  • Concepts
    • Publish/subscribe & One-to-many
    • Messages
      • At most once
      • At least once
      • Exactly once
    • Last Will & Testament feature
  • Concept & standard is twenty years old
    • First implementation 1998 with Arlen Nipper
  • To be standardized by Oasis
  • Available Software
  • Co-inventors
    • Andy Stanford-Clark
    • Arlen Nipper
  • Andy Stanford-Clark
    • Distinguished Engineer & Master Inventor at I.B.M.
    • lives in a 16th-century stone cottage & thatched roof on the Isle of Wight (“Eco Island”)
  • Arlen Nipper
    • Also at IBM?
  • David Locke
    • Dave Locke (locke@uk.ibm.com), Senior Inventor, Pervasive and Advanced Messaging Technologies, IBM
      Senior Inventor, Pervasive and Advanced Messaging Technologies
  • Interested Big Names
    • Cisco Systems
    • I.B.M.
    • Red Hat
    • Tibco
  • Reference Users
    • Facebook
      • MQTT for the live notifications it sends to Facebook users on devices running Apple’s iOS.
    • Ford
      • Vijay Sankaran, director of application development.
      • <quote>In the Focus Electric car, he said, Ford wants to get continual, detailed sensor data on the state and performance of the vehicle’s electric battery, then feed that information into product development.</quote>
  • Ponte – M2M Bridge Framework for REST developers; from Eclipse Foundation; “two weeks ago” (2013-04?)

Sources

The “LUMAscape” of the Internet of Things from FirstMark Capital

Via: Mark Turck; Making Sense Of The Internet Of Things; In TechCrunch; 2013-05-25.

Like the LUMAscapes, but different.

Framework

  • Platforms & Enablements (Horizontals)
    • Connectivity
    • Open Source Platforms
    • Software Platforms
    • Sensor Networks
    • Enabling Networks
    • Corporates
  • Applications (Verticals)
    • Quantified Self
      • Wearable Computing
      • Fitness
      • Health
      • Family
    • Lifestyle
      • Leisure
      • Pets
      • Toys
      • Music
      • Gardening
      • Home Improvement
    • Connected Home
      • Home Automation
      • Energy Efficiency
      • Security
    • Industries
      • Retail
      • Healthcare
      • Automotive
      • Smart Buildings
    • Industrial Internet
      • Robotics
      • Greentech
      • 3D Printing
    • New Interfaces
  • Building Blocks
    • Connection Protocols
    • M2M
    • Software
    • Mobile
    • Hardware
    • Parts/Kits
    • Services
    • Incubators
    • Funding
    • Distribution

Industrial Internet: The machines are talking | Jonathan Bruner

O’Reilly Media:
Jonathan Bruner; Industrial Internet; O’Reilly Media, 1st edition; 2013-03; 51 pages; landing.

Amazon:
Jon Bruner
; Industrial Internet; O’Reilly Media, 1st edition; 2013-03-27; 51 pages; kindle: $0.

  • Sponsored by General Electric (GE)
  • See backfill

Mentions