tl;dr → theoretical; witnessing. You tell it, you tell the story! Mentions Bitcoin on page 2; uses the word “hegemon” on page 14. Offers a cook’s tour of the boosterist community and their projects: Freedom Box, Diaspora, Mastodon, Blockstack, Interplanetary File System (IPFS), Solid, Appcoins, Steemit.
Table of Contents
The Rise of the Centralized Web
Risks Posed by the Centralized Web
Structural Interventions as a Possible Solution
Section II: Federation
Section III: Open Protocols
Section IV: Appcoins
Wait and see, only time will tell.
<quote>A precondition for the success of these distributed
platforms is a shift towards user-controlled data,</quote>
Fund the projects (the best-of-breed exemplars, below, and more) e.g. Let’s Encrypt.
The fascination, gee whiz!; it’s simply phenomenal!
circumvent Venture Capital funding.
business model: unspecified, but definitely “not advertising”
A fool and his money are soon parted:
<quote>However, this space also has a lot of potential for scams, and it might be unreasonable to expect users to manage a financial stake in many different networks.</quote>
Digitial Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)
File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
Wide Area Information Server (WAIS)
John Perry Barlow A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace
Fred Turner, Harry and Norman Chandler Professor of Communication
Department Chair, Stanford University.
tl;dr → No. Betteridge’s Law. folk politics as “leaderless” slactivism does not work; “leader”-based, top-down circa 1955-1965 did work; see Zeynep Tufekci.
<quote>Tufekci’s conclusions about the civil-rights movement are unsettling because of what they imply. People such as Kauffman portray direct democracy as a scrappy, passionate enterprise: the underrepresented, the oppressed, and the dissatisfied get together and, strengthened by numbers, force change. Tufekci suggests that the movements that succeed are actually proto-institutional: highly organized; strategically flexible, due to sinewy management structures; and chummy with the sorts of people we now call élites.</quote>
Attributed to Nick Srnicek, Alex Williams in Inventing the Future
<quote>reasoning through individual stories [is] also a journalistic tic</quote>
<quote>a general inability to think systemically about change</;quote>
“This is politics transmitted into pastime—politics-as-drug-experience, perhaps—rather than anything capable of transforming society”
<quote>Their objection to protest and direct action defies generations of radical zeal. “The people, united, will never be defeated!” the old street chant goes. These lefties say that, actually, they will.</quote>
<quote><snip/>the left, despite its pride in being progressive, is mired in nostalgia.
“Petitions, occupations, strikes, vanguard parties, affinity groups, trade unions: all arose out of particular historical conditions,” they say. They think that modernizing these things for an internationalized, digitized world will free us from what they vividly call our “endless treadmill of misery.” Protest is fine for digging in your heels. But work for change needs to be pragmatic and up-to-date. </quote>
<quote>Inventing the Future may be the shrewdest, sanest pipe dream of a book published since the recession.</quote>
Attributed to Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri; Assembly (Heretical Thought);
<quote><snip/>the killings of “more than” forty unarmed black people by law-enforcement officers. A majority of these officers were not indicted, however; of those that were, three were found guilty. To date, only one of the convicted has received a prison sentence.</quote>
tl;dr → A conference report. The dissidents met, ate, drank, talked (in the argot of the times: they shared, networked, bonded). A good time was had by all, yet they all are against it in one way or another; they are unhappy; they want it to be different. Each and every one of them has a dream and a vision; yet none of them has a viable plan.
<quote>Lanier’s humanistic take on technology may trace back to his tragic childhood: He was 9 when his mother was killed in a car accident in El Paso. He later learned that the accident may have been caused by an engineering flaw in the car.</quote>
consumers be compensated for their data in the form of micropayments.
<quote>In our society there are two paths to success: One is to be good at computers and the other is to be a sociopath.</quote>, attributed to Jaron Lanier.
co-organizer of the recent New School conference on cooperative platforms.
his bio attests as <quote>a writer, editor, and professor of media studies at the University of Colorado Boulder. </quote>
<quote>21st century digital dissenter</quote>
her education → unschooled (not schooled, home schooled).
government-supported media platforms — think: yet more public radio (public web sites)
more regulation of media platforms — contra monopoly formation.
information [often] wants someone to pay for it
contra information wants to be free.
digital social networks
neo-Luddite (Ted Ludd)
soft Luddites (e.g. Astra Taylor)
<quote>a stemwinder of a talk</quote>
Andrew Keen; The Internet Is Not the Answer; Grove Press; 1st edition; 2016-01-12; 288 pages; kindle: $9, paper: $6+SHT.
tl;dr → a screed; via reviewer <quote>he is angry</quote>.
Bobble, a Chrome extension
Exhibits diffs of personalized & unpersonalized Google search.
In archaeological order, newer more derivative works on top, older original matieral down below
Motahhare Eslami, Aimee Rickman, Kristen Vaccaro, Amirhossein Aleyasen, Andy Vuong, Karrie Karahalios, Kevin Hamilton, Christian Sandvig; “I always assumed that I wasn’t really that close to [her]”: Reasoning about invisible algorithms in the news feed; In Proceedings of ACM Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI); 2015-04-18; 10 pages.
tl;dr => developed FeedViz to exhibit the difference between all output possible in a Facebook News Feed and the Facebook-presented (algorithm-curated) News Feed that consumers actually see. Consumer awareness levels are reported.
Christian Sandvik, Kevin Hamilton, Karrie Karahalios, Cedrik Langbort; Algorithm Audit; 6 pages; Within Seeta Penã Gangadharan, Virginia Eubanks, Solon Barocas (editors); Data and Discrimination: Collected Essays; Open Technology Institute, New American Foundation; 2014-10.
Despite much public speculation, there is little scholarly research on whether or how ideology shapes American consumer behavior. Borrowing from previous studies, we theorize that ideology is associated with different forms of taste and conspicuous consumption: liberals are more drawn to indicators of “cultural capital” and more feminine symbols while conservatives favor more explicit signs of “economic capital” and masculine cues. These ideas are tested using birth certificate, U.S. Census, and voting records from California in 2004. We find strong differences in birth naming practices related to race, economic status, and ideology. Although higher status mothers of all races favor more popular birth names, high status liberal mothers more often choose uncommon, culturally obscure birth names. Liberals also favor birth names with “softer, feminine” sounds while conservatives favor names with “harder, masculine” phonemes. These findings have signficant implications for both studies of consumption and debates about ideology and political fragmentation in the United States.
<quote>With the approval of the California Committee for the Protection of Human Subjects, the data were drawn including the first names of all children, mothers, and fathers (where available), and the mother’s education, race, ethnicity, and addresses. By cross-referencing the listed address with Google maps, the longitude and latitude of for each respondent with an identiĕable address record was calculated. With arcGIS, this geographic information was used to identify the census tract of each birth mother, which was then matched with demographic data from 2000 U.S. Census. In addition, the geocodes were used to identify the voting precinct of each mother and, using precinct shape files, the voting records from the general election of 2004, which are stored in the Statewide Database for the State of California archived at the University of California. Together, these files provide a profile of both the individual characteristics of each mother and the demographic and political characteristics of their neighborhoods.</quote>
Only legacy officework desktop browsers support it
No mobile browser supports it
Print Page button
The doublespeaking Language
Obvious => “our browser shuts off the print button”
Misdirecting => “we offer a pay gate feature with deep integration into the browser for subscribers”
Obvious => “We neuter competing social networks by disabling their sharing buttons”
Misdirecting => “We’ve launched a preferred partner program to enable deep browser integration from a set of verified social networks that offer the features our users want”
Obvious => “We block content from displaying if you haven’t signed in with our cloud service and had your extensions approved by us”
Misdirecting => “Customers who sign in with their account get access to exclusive content from our partner sites.”
<quote>There should be no constraint about what user agents can do on our behalf to present, transform, remix, combine, format, reformat and display the content we view on the web. If we want to make a browser or browser add-on that strips away ads from a page, that’s our right. If I want to have a browser show everything in black and white? Let me as the user have that agency. Print everything upside down and in blinking text? Absolutely. Transform every mention of “the cloud” into the phrase “my butt“? You bet your… well, you know.</quote>
<quote>Here’s where the Pollyannas in the tech industry, or those too young to have seen how the patterns repeat, say with faith and certainty, “That won’t happen! My favorite browser is open source!</quote>
<quote>So, I’m a user agent extremist. We should work constructively together within the tech community (perhaps led by the EFF) to create a list of capabilities in web browsers and user agents that we consider inviolate.</quote>
Mozilla abandons Thunderbird, an open source browser
Opera adopts WebKit
Google abandons RSS Reader
Facebook & Google+ ID & Social Signon
“The browser”, like the magazine, is the publisher’s agent to deliver value to the advertiser by wrapping that value in & with experiential design to attact the consumer. It was ever thus in the publishing trade.