Molly Sauter; Persuasion and the other thing: A critique of big data methodologies in politics; In Ethnography Matters; 2017-05-24.
tl;dr → 3026 words. Big Data (which so is very big) is bad. The sphere is problematized. A problematic which situates the hegemons is synthesized via the dialectic. A mode of resistance is posited.
<ahem>… and by way of brief rebuttal: The Computers and The Establishment that owns & operates The Computers, their work inuring to the mutual benefit of them both, individually and severally, are smarter than all that (c.f. the trivial use of “grep -v”), and also the suggested modality of dissent violates the T&C which was previously freely given and binds & constrains individual future actions; its unilateral repudiation makes the performer at once dishonest, conflicted, and an outlaw who deserves no quarter; not in theory, not in practice, or under the reigning jurisdictional supervision (c.f. 18 U.S.C. Section 1001, as opined).</ahem>
- Cambridge Analytica
- Donald Trump
- Brexit Campaign
- targeted nudges
- Mother Jones
- The Guardian
- SCL Group
- Apple (Computer) Inc.
- There is not enough consent (from the subjects)
- <quote>Democracy shifts from a form of governance at least theoretically concerned with public debate and persuasion to one focused on private, opaque manipulation and emotional coercion.</quote>
The obfuscation schemes, taxonomized in Brunton & Nissenbaum:
- noisy bots
- “like-farming,” i.e. spamming.
a browser extension which generates abusive search query engines.
a browser extension which generates abusive click streams.
Something about storing data “off Facebook,” yet performing the data “on Facebook.”
- Bayesian Flooding … sounds fancy; it means creating profile- & page- spam entries on Facebook.
Unless otherwise noted persons are credited as “an activist.”
- Finn Brunton
with Helen Nissenbaum
- Michal Kosinski, a bad guy in the pantheon
with et al. as David Stillwell, Thore Graepel
- Helen Nissenbaum
with Finn Brunton (for symmetry)
- Kelly Oliver
- Molly Sauter
- Zeynep Tufekci
- Sara Marie Watson
… sounds fancy, and more than a little dangerous (<quote> cacklingly evil</quote>). In rough order of appearance.
- algorithmic nudging
- entitlements (<quote> held by advertisers, tech firms, and researchers who deploy big data analytics in support of political campaigns or other political projects </quote>
- sense of entitlement
- subjectivity (something about having agency; being such is good)
objects (data objects); something about not having agency; being such is bad.
<quote>sabotaging the efficacy of the methodology in general, to resist attempts to be read, known, and manipulated.</quote>
- emotional contagion; c.f. Facebook, an ”experiment,” 2014
- nudge (contra shove)
- algorithmic modeling → “opinions embedded in mathematics” [page 21, O'Neil].
- digital shadow-selves
- a paradoxical problem
wow man, dig it … a paradox, a problem with a paradox, that’s like a paradox2.
- data broker
- entitlement of inference
<quote>a certain entitlement of inference</quote>
<quote>the entitlement of inference on display</quote>
- influence techniques
secret or opaque influence techniques
- consent of the governed
- inferential modeling collectssynthesizes non-disclosed information
- opting out
social media abstinence
- data doppelganger
- pervasive surveillance and modeling systems
<quote>creates noise, either at the level of the platform or the individual profile</quote>
- Molly Sauter; Coming Swarm: DDoS Actions, Hacktivism, and Civil Disobedience on the Internet; Bloomsbury Academic; 2014-10-23; 192 pages; Amazon:1623564565; kindle: $10, paper: $4+SHT.
- Robert Mercer & Breitbart: War on Media: Steve Bannon, Donald Trump, Nigel Farage; In The Guardian; 2017-02-26.
- The Right Wing Propaganda Machine May Not Be As Smart As You Think; Staff (Some Cub Reporter); In MIT Technology Review; WHEN?
- The Truth About The Trump Data Team That People Are Freaking [About]; Kendall Taggart; In BuzzFeed; WHEN?
- Engineering the public: Big data, surveillance and computational politics Zeynep Tufekci, In First Monday; 2014-07-07
- Data Doppelgangers and the Uncanney Valley of Personalization; Some Contributor an activist Sara Marie Watson; In The Atlantic; 2014-06.
- Cathy O’Neil (mathbabe; she’s pretty and does math, get it?); Weapons of Math Destruction; Publisher; WHEN?; X pages; promotion; Amazon: $N+SHT.
- Kelly Oliver; Witnessing; University of M. Press; WHEN?; N pages; Amazon: $N+SHT.
- Michal Kosinski, David Stillwell, Thore Graepel; “Private traits and attributes are predictable from digital records of human behavior”; In Some Venue Surely; 2013; N pages.
- Finn Brunton, Helen Nissenbaum; Obfuscation; MIT Press; 2015; N pages; Amazon:0262529866: kindle: $10, paper: $6+SHT.
- Kevin Ludlow; Bayesian Flooding and Facebook Manipulation RD; In His Blog; WHEN?
- United States Patent 8,205,265 – Techniques to Pollute Electronic Profiling; Granted to Apple (Computer) Inc.; WHEN?